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WWII Battles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WWII Battles. Invasion of Poland. 1939 Official start of WWII. Nazi Invasions. Denmark Norway France Belgium Luxembourg the Netherlands invaded. Guess What? Where? When? Why?. Miracle of Dunkirk. May 1940 Along English Channel in France/Belgium

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Invasion of poland
Invasion of Poland

  • 1939

  • Official start of WWII

Nazi invasions
Nazi Invasions

  • Denmark

  • Norway

  • France

  • Belgium

  • Luxembourg

  • the Netherlands invaded

Miracle of dunkirk
Miracle of Dunkirk

  • May 1940

  • Along English Channel in France/Belgium

  • British troops were surrounded by Nazis

  • Troops were rescued by 900 boats

  • 300,000 troops were saved!

Fall of france
Fall of France

  • June 14-June 22, 1940

  • Great Britain was worried they would be next

Battle of britain
Battle of Britain

  • 1940

  • Also known as “Operation Sea Lion”

  • Fought entirely by air forces

    • Nazi= Luftwaffe

    • Britain= Royal Air Force

  • Germany Failed

Rafe from pearl harbor in the raf
Rafe from “Pearl Harbor” in the RAF

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wI1L2QoFfwE

London air raids
London Air Raids

  • Who: Nazis (Luftwaffe)

  • What: began as bombing of British air fields, then bombed London & other cities (A LOT)

  • When: July 1940 – May 1941

    • 57 consecutive days of bombing

    • 127 night raids (mainly on London)

  • Where: Great Britain

  • Why/Importance: the British never surrendered and were not taken over by the Germans=> Hitler eventually gave up & went to Russia

Sept 7 1940 1 st london blitz
Sept. 7, 1940-1st London Blitz

Axis party created
Axis Party Created

  • The Tripartite (Axis) Pact is signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

  • 1940

Pearl harbor december 7 1941
Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941

  • “A day that will live in infamy”- FDR

    • Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor

      • Major U.S. naval base in Hawaii (then a territory of the U.S.)

Pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor

  • Who: Japanese attack U.S.

  • What: Japan was upset at the U.S. for trying to shut them out of the Indo-China war. Revenge =>Surprise attack on U.S. naval base, huge loss for the U.S. armed services

    • Sank 4 battleships and damaged four more

    • sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer

    • destroyed 188 aircraft

    • caused personnel losses of 2,402 killed and 1,282 wounded.

  • When: December 7, 1941

  • Where: Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii

Result of pearl harbor bombing
Result of Pearl Harbor Bombing: vulnerable American battleships.

  • December 8th, 1941 U.S. & Britain declare war on Japan

    • (Photo: FDR signing declaration of war on Japan)

  • Germany declares war on the U.S.

Battle of stalingrad
Battle of Stalingrad vulnerable American battleships.

  • Who: Germany attacks Russia

Scorched earth policy
Scorched Earth Policy vulnerable American battleships.

  • Stalin’s policy

    • The policy involved destroying anything that could be useful to the enemy

      • crops, shelter, transportation, communications and other resources

Battle of stalingrad1
Battle of Stalingrad vulnerable American battleships.

  • Who: Germany (Axis) & Russia (Allies)

  • What: Germany attempts to take over the Soviet Union/Russia

  • When: July1942 - February 1943

  • Where: Stalingrad

  • Why/Importance: Stalin’s policy of scorched earth works! As the Russian winter sets in, the Germans are not prepared for it (no supplies or clothing for winter) and must retreat

    • Climate affects battle outcome!

Turning point
Turning Point vulnerable American battleships.

  • Stalin attacks the weak Germans

  • Germany lost the Battle at Stalingrad

  • Turning point in the war-Axis Powers now on the defensive instead of the offensive

    • Being chased out of Russia back into Axis controlled territory

German soldiers in the soviet union 1942
German soldiers in the vulnerable American battleships. Soviet Union: 1942

D day vx2
D-Day vulnerable American battleships.(Vx2)

  • Who: American, British, & Canadian troops vs. Germans

  • What: Allied invasion of France; also known as “Operation Overlord”; 1st: airborne attacks (paratroopers) - gain key places (bridges, roads, etc) 2nd: amphibious attacks 160,000 people land

  • When: June 6, 1944 at 6:30am

    • Depended on weather=> needed full moon and a spring tide (high waters)

D day cont
D-Day cont. vulnerable American battleships.

  • Where: Beaches of Normandy (France)

    • 5 “Beaches”: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, & Sword

  • Why/Importance: single largest amphibious attack of all time; Allies were able to gain ground in Western Europe & push the Germans back => led to the liberation of Paris in August of 1944

The liberation of paris
The Liberation of Paris vulnerable American battleships.

  • August 25, 1944

Wwii battles

Paris is liberated – Aug. 25, 1944 vulnerable American battleships.

Wwii battles

The U.S. Infantry, from above. vulnerable American battleships.

Wwii battles

General von Choltitz saved Paris from Hitler. vulnerable American battleships.

Battle of the bulge v
Battle of the Bulge vulnerable American battleships.(V)

  • Who: Allies and Germans

  • What: Largest land battle on the Western Front during WWII; The “bulge” is the initial movement of the Allies’ line by the Germans advancement; advance of the Germans failed due to lack of supplies (fuel)- were unable to continue

  • When: December 16-27, 1944

Battle of the bulge cont
Battle of the Bulge cont. vulnerable American battleships.

  • Where: Took place in the Ardennes Mountain region

    • Belgium, France & Luxembourg

  • Importance: The rugged terrain helped reduce the number of Allied troops needed for the battle.

  • Bloodiest battle the U.S. participated in during WWII

  • Last major offensive of WWII-Germans withdraw in the end

Wwii battles
1945 vulnerable American battleships.

  • Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz

  • April 12- Allies liberate Bushenwald & Belsen concentration camps

Death of the leaders
Death of the Leaders vulnerable American battleships.

  • April 12- U.S. President Roosevelt dies & Truman becomes President

  • April 28-Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans

  • April 30- Hitler commits suicide

1945 cont
1945 cont. vulnerable American battleships.

  • May 7th- unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies

    (Victory in Europe… V-E Day)

  • June 5- Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over government

Iwo jima
Iwo Jima vulnerable American battleships.

Atomic bombs v j day
Atomic Bombs & V-J Day vulnerable American battleships.

  • Aug. 6th, 1945: First atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan

  • Aug. 9th, 1945: Second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan

  • Aug. 14th, 1945 Japanese agree to unconditional surrender (Victory in Japan… V-J Day)