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Australia’s Government. Australia’s Government. Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy . There are three key factors that determine Australia’s government: form of leadership type of legislature role of the citizen. Form of Leadership.

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australia s government1
Australia’s Government
  • Australia has a federal parliamentary democracy.
  • There are three key factors that determine Australia’s government:
    • form of leadership
    • type of legislature
    • role of the citizen
form of leadership
Form of Leadership
  • Queen Elizabeth II (England) is the head of state.
    • She does not run the country, but she signs laws, approves elections, and is commander-in-chief of the military.
  • The prime minister recommends someone to represent the Queen in Australia—the governor-general.
  • The prime minister is the head of the government & has the most political power.
    • leader of the political party with the most members in the Commonwealth Parliament
type of legislature
Type of Legislature
  • An elected government operates the country.
  • Every 4 years, citizens who are over 18 vote for members of parliament.
  • Parliament meets several times a year and makes laws that affect how Australians live.
  • There are 2 houses of the Commonwealth Parliament:
    • House of Representatives
    • Senate
type of legislature1
Type of Legislature
  • House of Representatives: Australia is divided into areas called electorates; people living in each electorate vote for a person to represent them in parliament.
    • elected person becomes the MP of the House of Representatives for that area
  • Senate: people from each state and the 2 territories elect 12 people to be their senators
role of the citizen
Role of the Citizen
  • democracy: voters choose the lawmakers
  • Everyone who is 18 or over is required by law to vote.
    • Citizens can be fined or go to court if they don’t vote.
  • Citizens vote for MPs -- the leader of the party that gets the most votes becomes the prime minister.
  • Voters do not vote for the head of state (Queen), the governor-general, or directly for the prime minister.
role of the citizen1
Role of the Citizen
  • Australians enjoy many freedoms.
    • freedom of religion, speech, job choice, travel, etc.
  • They can vote for the leaders that make laws and lead the country.
  • Their level of freedom is similar to what people have in the United Kingdom & the United States.
your task
Your Task:
  • Create a brochure that informs others about Australia’s government. Please include a section for each of the following:
  • 1. Leadership
    • Describe the 3 leaders
  • 2. Legislature
    • Describe the 2 houses of Australia’s Parliament
  • 3. Role of the Citizen
    • Who gets to vote? What freedoms do citizens have?