What is Government?. Why do we have it? Where does it come from? Political Parties Ideologies. What is Government?. Government is a complex structure of politicians, bureaucrats, agencies, organizations and laws Types of government vary: What types can you name?. democracy
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Why do we have it?
Where does it come from?
We are a “constitutional monarchy” – the BNA Act (constitution) is based on British tradition and we have a Queen (monarchy)
- Services (water, roads, electricity, schools), law & order, organization and structure…
- Breaking the law, doing whatever we want…
In Canada, the federal govt. has been dominated by 2 political parties since 1867:
- Liberals and Conservatives
- NDP, Bloc Quebecois, Green…
- Communist, Marijuana, Rhino…
- a parties statement of ideas and principles
- how they feel the country should be governed
A political parties “platform” is based upon its “ideologies”, or system of beliefs, values and morals
- right wing = limited govt. involvement in the economy and society; individual freedoms, espec. to make $; tough on crime; lower taxes; free trade...
- left wing = govt. should create economic, social and political equality; promote rehabilitation vs. punishment and incarceration of criminals; higher taxes to pay for social programs...
These ideologies are then compared on a “political spectrum” which helps to organize the political parties and their beliefs
- right and left labels don’t always apply
- you might be left on some issues and right on others
- parties can also shift their beliefs over time
Communism (L) NDP Liberal Conservative Facism(R)