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The Five Scrolls. Collection of Five Scrolls. Songs of Songs. This Song of Solomon’s is very much unlike the songs of his father David. . Song of Songs 4:1, 3, 5.

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Songs of songs
Songs of Songs

This Song of Solomon’s is very much unlike the songs of his father David.

Song of songs 4 1 3 5
Song of Songs 4:1, 3, 5

How beautiful you are, my love,   how very beautiful!Your eyes are doves   behind your veil.Your lips are like a crimson thread,   and your mouth is lovely.Your cheeks are like halves of a pomegranate   behind your veil. …Your two breasts are like two fawns,   twins of a gazelle,   that feed among the lilies.

Singing songs of songs
Singing Songs of Songs

  • It is an allegory.

  • It is a parable.

  • It is a nuptial song by the expressions of love between a bridegroom and his bride.

  • It may easily be taken in a spiritual sense by the Christian church.

  • Christ is represented as the bridegroom of his church (Mt. 25:1; Rom. 7:4; 2 Co. 11:2; Eph. 5:32), and the church as the bride, the Lamb’s wife.

  • By faith and holy love we enter into the holiest, which is the house of God and the gate of heaven.

Ruth 1 14 18
Ruth 1:14-18

  • 14 Then they wept aloud again. Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.

  • 15  So she said, ‘See, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods; return after your sister-in-law.’

  • 16 But Ruth said,‘Do not press me to leave you   or to turn back from following you!Where you go, I will go;   where you lodge, I will lodge;your people shall be my people,   and your God my God. 17 Where you die, I will die—   there will I be buried.May the Lord do thus and so to me,   and more as well,if even death parts me from you!’ 18 When Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her.

Summary of ruth
Summary of Ruth

  • It is probable that Samuel was the penman of it.

  • It relates to the affliction first (deaths of husband and sons in Moab) and afterwards the comfort of Naomi.

  • There are the instances of Ruth and Naomi’s humility, ch. 2.

  • The bringing of them into an alliance with Boaz, ch. 3.

  • And their happy settlement thereby, ch. 4.

  • And let us remember the scene is laid in Bethlehem, the city where our Jesus Christ the Redeemer was born.


The penman of this book was Jeremiah the prophet, who is here Jeremiah the poet, and prophet. Therefore this book is fitly adjoined to the book of his prophecy, and is as an appendix to it.

The occasion of these Lamentations was the destruction of Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

Lamentations 1 1 3a
Lamentations 1:1-3a Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

  • 1 How lonely sits the city   that once was full of people!How like a widow she has become,   she that was great among the nations!She that was a princess among the provinces   has become a vassal.

  • 2 She weeps bitterly in the night,   with tears on her cheeks;among all her lovers   she has no one to comfort her;all her friends have dealt treacherously with her,   they have become her enemies.

  • 3 Judah has gone into exile with suffering   and hard servitude; …

Ecclesiastes Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

Solomon, being brought to repentance, resolves, like his father, to teach transgressors God’s way (Ps. 51:13) and to give warning to all to take heed of splitting upon those rocks which had been fatal to him; and these were fruits meet for repentance. The fundamental error of the children of men, and that which is at the bottom of all their departures from God, is the same with that of our first parents, hoping to be as gods by entertaining themselves with that which seems good for food, pleasant to the eyes, and desirable to make one wise.

Ecclesiastes 1 2 3
Ecclesiastes 1:2-3 Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

2Vanity of vanities, says the Teacher,   vanity of vanities! All is vanity.

3What do people gain from all the toil   at which they toil under the sun?

4A generation goes, and a generation comes, but the earth remains for ever.

Vanity Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

"Vanity," in Ecclesiastes, and usually in Scripture, means, not foolish pride, but the emptiness in final result of all life apart from God. It is to be born, to toil, to suffer, to experience some transitory joy, which is as nothing in view of eternity, to leave it all, and to die. See Romans 8:20-22.

Ecclesiastes 3 1 3
Ecclesiastes 3:1-3 Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

3 For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven: 2 a time to be born, and a time to die;a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted; 3 a time to kill, and a time to heal;a time to break down, and a time to build up; 4 a time to weep, and a time to laugh;a time to mourn, and a time to dance; 5 a time to throw away stones, and a time to gather stones together;a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing; 6 a time to seek, and a time to lose;a time to keep, and a time to throw away; 7 a time to tear, and a time to sew;a time to keep silence, and a time to speak; 8 a time to love, and a time to hate;a time for war, and a time for peace.

Changes in life
Changes in Life Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

Every purpose has its time. The clearest sky will be clouded, Post gaudia luctus—Joy succeeds sorrow; and the most clouded sky will clear up, Post nubila Phoebus—The sun will burst from behind the cloud.

Esther Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

We find in this book that even those Jews who were scattered in the provinces of the heathen were taken care of, as well as those who were gathered in the land of Judea, and were wonderfully preserved, when doomed to destruction and appointed as sheep for the slaughter. He saved them.

Summary of esther
Summary of Esther Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

  • The particulars are edifying and very encouraging to the faith and hope of God’s people in the most difficult and dangerous times. There are

  • 1. The defeating of Haman’s plot against Mordecai’s life, ch. 5-7.

  • 2. The defeating of his general plot against the Jews, ch. 8.

  • 3. The care that was taken to perpetuate the remembrance of this, ch. 9, 10.

Psalms 37 1 4
Psalms 37:1-4 Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

  • Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.

  • For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb.

  • Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.

  • Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart.

The five scrolls1
The Five Scrolls Judah and Jerusalem by the Chaldean army.

Song of Songs