Bilingual Education. Thomas Huber. Overview. Bilingual Education is described as involving teaching academic content in two languages, in a native and a secondary language with varying amounts of each language used in accordance with the program model.
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During the 18th century, Franciscan missionaries from California to Texas used indigenous languages to translate Catholic teachings to Native Americans.
In 1968, the Bilingual Education Act, as it is informally known, was enacted, and aimed to give immigrants access to education in their native language.
Dual language or Two-Way bilingual programs are one such approach, whereby half of the students speak English and half are considered English language learners (ELLs). The teacher instructs in English and in the ELLs' home language. The dual purpose of this type of classroom is to teach the children a new language and culture, and language diversity in such classrooms is seen as a resource.