Greening the Co-op: Advancing the Right Strategy For Your Community Atlanta, Georgia September 23, 2011 Jill K. Cliburn Clean Energy Ambassadors firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: ASES Green Resources Available for Greenhouse Gas Reductions by 2030
Your challenge • Understand the basics of utility resource planning • See energy efficiency as a resource • Get a clear picture of opportunities for solar, wind, biomass, other renewables • Put these in context for your co-op • Change hearts and minds
Mark Gerken, AMP (Ohio) • Former chairman, APPA • Former new coal proponent • Outspoken new leader in EE & renewables
Generation in a diverse portfolio * PV and mixed-renewables in smart-grid fleets promise greater flexibility
Efficiency first! Utility-Driven EE Market- and Policy-Driven EE Supply Side Resources Utility programs work with market-driven changes (better building materials and equipment) plus policies, such as codes and standards.
What makes energy efficiency and DSM a resource? • Measurable • Long-term • Reliable • Cost-effective • Suited to the utility
Sample measures* * There’s a difference between a measure and a program!
Okay, let’s read the meter…
The link between marketing and • EE program results* • Top-level support • Utilities? Yes, if mission-oriented • Trained, motivated trade allies • Word-of-mouth (social) marketing • 5) Well-scheduled promotions • 6) Public participation is an engine for success * Jane Peters, 30 Years of Process Evaluation (2008)
Can co-ops redefine revenue requirements? Premium services Plug-in electric vehicles EE Financing GSHP SWH
Renewables: race the clock US DOE believes in 15-20% wind & solar… Do you?
A story of co-op wind from the heartland… Wind farm near Atchinson-Holt Electric Cooperative, Missouri
Co-op Wind Survey: Nearly every co-op that invested in wind had looked at the economics earlier & later revisited wind • Often cited reasons driving interest in wind: • Customer interest • Seeking diversity, risk management • Drawn to local resources • Environmental concerns • Long-term outlook for lower energy cost “Co-ops found many advantages after they had operated their systems.”
Not to minimize Biomass, biochar, or geothermal…
3 Solar Development Tracks • Customer-driven PV– Predominant today; most co-ops skeptical of net benefits • Centralized PV technologies– • Similar to conventional generation model; useful, but limited by land & grid requirements, line losses, and resource variability issues that are mitigated by distributed PV strategies (below) • Utility-Driven StrategicDistributed PV • Deployed on land or rooftops, designed to utility specifications • (e.g., location, scale, orientation, and operation). Its design, procurement, • and operation are strategically planned to deliver value to the utility, • in terms of generation, transmission, and/or distribution system • benefits, beyond those that naturally occur whenever PV is sited & • operated on the utility system.* • *See Cliburn and Robertson, ASES 2006, 2007
Utility PV Services Circa 1997 NW PPD, Nebraska (NRECA Member)
Starting Point? A community solar garden Neither this…. Nor that… Initially 25- to 500-kW PV, usually in partnership with a 3rd Party and/or with a utility, supported by individual ownership, leases, or subscriptions.
Widely accepted ranges for solar PV value*: APS Source: RW Beck 2009 * REC value may add 10 to 20 cents
It’s time to start looking at the individual resources— where they are and how they perform. – Bobby Hollis, NV Energy
In confidence that there is a renewable energy solution, your first challenge is help co-op leaders to make the Switch*. *using this and many other sources
Thank You! email@example.com Cleanenergyambassadors.ning.com