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Four Heavy Straws and One Weak Camel. Prelude to the Civil War. Missouri Compromise. The compromise was meant to regulate slavery in the Western States.

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four heavy straws and one weak camel

Four Heavy Straws and One Weak Camel

Prelude to the Civil War

missouri compromise
Missouri Compromise
  • The compromise was meant to regulate slavery in the Western States.
  • It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory, north of the 36th Parallel except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri
  • To balance the addition of a slave state (Missouri), a new northern free state was added (Maine).
dred scott
Dred Scott
  • Dred Scott was a slave from Missouri who moved with his owner to Illinois, Wisconsin, and then back to Missouri, where his owner promptly died.
  • Scott filed a lawsuit arguing that since he lived in a free state, he had become a free man.
  • The Supreme Court disagreed.
dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision
  • They ruled that:
    • Scott could not file a lawsuit, because he was a slave and slaves can’t be citizens.
    • Slaves are property.
    • Congress does not have the right to outlaw slavery in any territory, therefore the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
john brown s raid on harper s ferry
John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
  • Brown was a radical abolitionists.
  • Led 18 men against a Federal armoury in Virginia, where he hoped that slaves would join him and take part in a revolt, but no slaves arrived.
  • His revolt is brutal supressed by Robert E. Lee.
  • Southerners were outraged by this revolt, many Northerners consider him a martyr.
abe s ascendancy
Abe’s Ascendancy
  • The Republicans –a new party created by those who wanted to keep slavery out of the Western Territories.
  • The Democratic Party (Predominately Southerners) were split on the issue of slavery, so they chose two candidates for the Presidential Election of 1860)
  • Lincoln wins only the North and wins the elections, many Southerners felt they no longer had a say in the National Government.