The Cooperative Principle. 現代英語学 2011 年 5 月 27 日. 前提と意味論的含意. My sister is working at an ice cream shop. → I have a sister. She has arrived in Tokyo. → She is in Tokyo. NEGATION TEST. H. Sacks (1992) Lectures on Conversation . Blackwell. A: I have a fourteen year old son.
→ I have a sister.
→ She is in Tokyo.
B: Well, that’s all right.
A: I also have a dog.
B: Oh, I’m sorry.
B: Well, the milkman has come.
Levinson 1983.Pragmatics. Cambridge UP.
（Particularized implicature, Flouting)
??John has two PhDs but I don't believe this.
B: Oh he got a fine.
B: And London's in Armenia I suppose.
B: Oh come now, Britain rules the seas!
B: Huh, lovely weather for March, isn't it?
B: Okay, but I veto ICE CREAMS.
Miss Singer produced a series of sounds corresponding closely to the score of an aria from Rigoletto.