Ethics. A view from the Joint Industrial Hygiene Ethics Education Committee. Welcome to Ethics. “The reputation of a thousand years is determined by the conduct of one hour.” – Japanese proverb. Who Got In Trouble: 2001.
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A view from the Joint Industrial Hygiene Ethics Education Committee
“The reputation of a thousand years is determined by the conduct of one hour.”
– Japanese proverb
Once America’s seventh largest company, Enron collapsed in 2001 – costing shareholders $74B and prompting Sarbane-Oxley Accounting Regulation. WorldCom-$11B. Tyco- $500M
“Too Big to Fail” Freddie MAC $187B, Leman $50B in TARP bailout prompting Dodd-Frank Consumer Protection.
-- International Code of Ethics
-- Joint Ethics Principles
The embodiment of those values that the person or organization feels are important…, and spell our proper conduct and appropriate action.
- Merriam Webster
“Stick to the CODE”
as noted by Capt. Hector Barbosa in the movie “Pirates of the Caribbean”
He then quickly said:
(when he felt necessary) that THE CODE was “actually more of a set of guidelines.”
As “The Law?”
-- (Enforceable v. not enforceable?)
As a “set of guidelines?”
As a means to set a baseline standard of practice?
As a way to raise the level of practice?
-- Enforceable Code of Ethics – May 2007
-- Diplomats, Applicants & Examinees
ACGIH, AIH & AIHA
-- Member Ethical Principles
Members from AIH, AIHA, ACGIH, ABIH
Jeff Throckmorton, Chair
Nick Rice, Past Chair
David Roskelley (ABIH liaison)
Right vs. Wrong Issues
-- Legal Test
-- Stench Test
-- Front-Page Test
-- Mom Test
Do high profits enable greater spending on CSR, or is it that CSR itself creates higher profits?
“…the direction of causation remains an open question. That is, good CSP could cause good CFP, but good CFP could provide slack resources to spend on CSP…whether profitable companies feel rich enough to splash out on CSR, or CSR [activity itself] brings profits.’”
The study, “Corporate Social and Financial Performance: A Meta-Analysis” compiled by researchers Marc Orlitzky, Frank L. Schmidt and Sara L. Rynes
The meta-analytic findings suggest that corporate virtue in the form of social responsibility and, to a lesser extent, environmental responsibility, is likely to pay off…
The ABIH is dedicated to the implementation of appropriate professional standards designed to serve the public, employees, clients and the industrial hygiene profession. First and foremost, ABIH certificants and candidates give priority to health and safety interests related to the protection of people, and act in a manner that promotes integrity and reflects positively on the profession, consistent with accepted moral, ethical and legal standards.
As professionals in the field of industrial hygiene, ABIH certificants and candidates have the obligation to: maintain high standards of integrity and professional conduct; accept responsibility for their actions; continually seek to enhance their professional capabilities; practice with fairness and honesty; and, encourage others to act in a professional manner consistent with the certification standards and responsibilities set forth below.
Maintain high standards of integrity and professional conduct
Follow recognized sound scientific principles
Accept responsibility for their actions
Continually seek to enhance their professional capabilities
Practice with fairness and honesty
Encourage others to act in a professional manner
-- 2 main sections and several subheadings
-- 23 “should” statements
Some sections do not appear in the ABIH enforceable code. For example:
II.A.9. “Refrain from business activities and practices that unlawfully restrict competition.”
II.C.2. “Inform appropriate management representative and/or governmental bodies of violations of legal and regulatory requirements when obligated or otherwise clearly appropriate.”
II.C.3. “Make reasonable efforts to ensure that the results of industrial hygiene assessments are communicated to exposed populations.”
-- 2 main sections and several subheadings
-- 19 (implied shall) statements
Although the key concepts are the same, the code is less “encompassing” than that found in the Member Ethical Principles.
Established by the International Commission on Occupational Health,
-- founded in 1906.
-- 2,000 professionals in 93 countries.
-- includes explanatory language.
-- 26 “shall” statements.
Not an enforcement based code.
Could be considered as more “worker oriented” in its phrasing and considerations.
Found at: www.icohweb.org/core_docs/code_ethics_eng.pdf
“Occupational health professionals must request that a clause on ethics be incorporated in their contract of employment.”
“…occupational health professionals must regularly and routinely, whenever possible, visit the workplaces and consult the workers and the management of the work that is performed.”
“A long habit of not thinking a thing
wrong gives it the superficial appearance of being right.”
-- ABIH discontinued the classification of CIH (Ret) in 2011 when the Voluntary surrender* program was launched. All former CIH (Ret) were converted to voluntary surrenders.
-- The term CIH (Ret) or any of its various forms can no longer be used. Former Diplomates are allowed to refer to their certification designation when showing the years of active certification, e.g. John Smyth, CIH, 1987-2006.
-- Some former Diplomates are still listed in the ABIH roster unless they chose to opt out.
-- Before your cycle ends: Submitting a written request and Paying the annual fees
-- Less than 5 months after your cycle ends: Submitting an acceptable worksheet for the previous CM cycle and Paying the current annual fees and late CM worksheet fee (if due)
-- > 5 months after your cycle ends: Submitting an acceptable worksheet for the previous 60 months and Paying the current annual fee, and a CM worksheet processing fee.
“Ethical Issues for Industrial Hygienists: Survey Results and Suggestions”
Laura A. Goldberg & Michael R. Greenberg
understatement of negative results 36%
*Ethical Issues for Industrial Hygienists: Survey Results and Suggestions, Goldberg, L.A., Greenburg, M.R., AIHA Journal, (54) March 1993, 127-134
hygienist for own gain 23%
*Observations of Ethical Misconduct Among Industrial Hygienists in England, Burgess, G.L.,Mullen, D.,AIHA Journal (63) March/April 2002, 151-154
Health and Safety Standards in the Supply-Chain
Lack of Labor Laws within producing Countries
“The single largest problem in ethics is the inability to recognize ethical issues”Rushworth M. Kidder, EthicistAssociation Management – October 1999
27 Formal Complaints
“In the beginning…………….
Before you take a new job
Before you sign a contract
Before you agree to a course of action
No single right answer…
You are bound by a contract to protect the confidentiality of the project for which you are hired. Because of the complexity of the IH issues, you wish to obtain input from a professional peer regarding the technical aspects of the project.
A. Ignore your desire to obtain input from a professional peer because it could be considered an ethical breach of your clients confidentiality.
B. Discuss the project without disclosing confidential details such as the name of the company, individual names, proprietary or other.
C. Discuss in full disclosure with a professional peer who is unrelated to the project and lives thousands of miles away.
D. Consider publishing your quandaries in the next edition of the Synergist.
You witness what you feel is a clear violation of the code by one of your professional peers who is a CIH.
A. Contact anyone you can think of along with ABIH, and/or AIHA and report the incident.
B. Submit a written allegation of a breach of ethical duty or professional responsibility to the chair of the JIHEEC.
C. Call the AIHA President to personally complain.
D. Explain to the peer that you feel they are acting unethically and give them an opportunity to correct the situation before taking further action. If it remains unresolved then you could submit a written allegation of a breach of ethical duty or professional responsibility to ABIH.
You are invited by a vendor who provides a majority of your industrial hygiene laboratory services to play golf and have dinner at an “exclusive” country club.
A. Accept the offer and ask if he wouldn’t mind throwing in a sleeve of balls and a hat.
B. Investigate your company’s policy on accepting vendor gifts and determine the best course of action with your supervisor.
C. Decide to accept the offer, but only if you can pay for your own green fees and dinner.
D. Accept the invitation but insist that the bill be paid in cash instead of a credit card to avoid leaving a “paper trail”.
As an IH at a chemical manufacturing plant, you are faced with having to perform air sampling for an intermediate chemical for which there is no standard sampling method.
A. Search for a sampling method that is statistically significant, peer-reviewed and recognized by the profession.
B. Use a non peer-reviewed sampling method that was developed by the plant lab assistant named Vinnie.
C. Use a standard sampling method developed for another intermediate chemical produced at your plant.
D. Contact an outside industrial hygiene laboratory for advice and direction.
Source: Joint Industrial Hygiene Ethics Education Committee (JIHEEC) Presentation Files
As an IH consultant you are asked by a major insurance carrier to sample for mold in a residential setting. One of the home’s occupants is recovering from cancer and recently had a bone marrow transplant. Moderate to extensive visible mold is present throughout the home and you recommend relocating the family. The insurance carrier disagrees and asks you “to keep your mouth shut” or they will take legal action.
A. Wonder why you chose to be a consultant and run out of the building screaming.
B. Keep your mouth shut and pretend it never happened.
C. Ignore the insurance carriers threats and immediately notify the occupants to vacate the premises.
D. Contact a close friend, attorney and/or mentor and ask for additional advice and direction.
You are drinking at a professional conference with a close IH colleague. In an inebriated state he feels the need to unburden years of guilt upon you. He mentions that he completely falsified his ABIH CM worksheet back in 1998. It had slipped through the cracks without an audit. In fact, he was working in another field unrelated to IH from 1994-1999. You always wondered how he had managed to maintain his CIH status and now you knew……
A. Keep on drinking and pray you can’t remember the conversation in the morning .
B. Contact ABIH and/or AIHA and report the incident.
C. Run screaming from the bar and wonder why you have friends like this.
D. After sobering-up, explain to your friend that you feel what they have done is wrong and give them an opportunity to correct the situation before taking further action. If it remains unresolved then you could submit a written allegation of a breach of ethical duty or professional responsibility to ABIH.
Please contact the JIHEEC if we can be of assistance!