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Machu Picchu. By: Emily Marshall. Who. The Incas They had a huge empire with 9 million people in it coming from 100 different ethnic groups The Incas believed they were children of the sun

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machu picchu

Machu Picchu

By: Emily Marshall

slide2
Who

The Incas

  • They had a huge empire with 9 million people in it coming from 100 different ethnic groups
  • The Incas believed they were children of the sun
  • They required that their subjects worship the state religion but allowed them to continue with their own beliefs as well
  • The Incas also took the myths and legends of all the other religions of the different ethnic groups and altered them to fit in with their beliefs
  • They worshipped the sun as well as the moon, clouds, mountains, etcetera

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2YBVlgqqco&feature=player_embedded

slide3
What

A Royal Estate

  • Machu Picchu was built as a royal estate
  • Although it was a royal estate artisans and priests lived there as well as the Inca Royals
  • It was also a center of commerce and trade
where
Where

Peru

  • Machu Picchu is located on a mountain top in the Andes Mountains
  • It is in the Urubamba Valley
  • The mountain it is built on is surrounded by the Urubamba River on three sides
  • It is 6,000 feet above sea level
slide5
When
  • Machu Picchu was built c. 1400’s A.D.
  • When the Incas abandoned it, it was still in the process of being built
  • It was found in 1911 by the Yale Professor Hiram Bingham

Hiram Bingham

slide6
Why
  • Itis believed Machu Picchu was built as a quite place for King Pachakuti to go to get away from the noisiness of the capital Cuzco
  • They believe Pachakuti had it built as a royal retreat
  • They also believe the location was picked because the Urubamba River almost makes a complete loop around the mountain
  • All of the necessary resources needed to support a large number of people were accessible
slide7
How
  • There is little known about how Machu Picchu was built
  • We know that the stones were cut on site
  • They were cut to fit together perfectly like a puzzle
  • How they cut the stones is unknown
  • How they moved the stones is unknown
slide8
Past
  • In the past it is believed that Machu Picchu (which was called Picchu at the time) was used as a center of commerce and trade as well as a retreat for the Inca Royals
  • Believed to be a self contained, sufficient civilization
  • A Intihuatana stone was found in the city
  • The stone is believed to have astronomical and religious purposes that relate to the sun
  • The city is thought to have had ceremonial purposes
  • Not much is known about their social or religious practices
present
Present
  • Machu Picchu is now a popular tourist site
  • Tens of thousands of people visit there every year
  • The tourists take either the train or take a four day hike on the Inca trail to get to Machu Picchu
how it shapes life in peru today
How it Shapes Life in Peru Today
  • The ruins of Machu Picchu bring tourism to the country
  • It also creates jobs for those who live near the area where the travelers begin
  • Without the help of tourism produced by Machu Picchu, Peru would lose $1million per day and 15,000 people would be out of work
work cited
Work Cited

http://www.about-peru-history.com/facts-machu-picchu.html

http://www.peru-machu-picchu.com/index.php

http://www.incatrail-peru.com/inka-trail/en/machu-picchu-history.php

http://www.sacredsites.com/americas/peru/machu_picchu.html

http://incas.homestead.com/inca_people.html

http://blogsouthamericanews.blogspot.com/2010/02/perus-flood-hit-tourism-ruined-making.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amlR6R4f6nU&feature=related

Richard L, Burger, Lucy C, Salazar. Machu Picchu: Unveiling the Mystery of the Incas. Italy: Granfiche SiZ, 2004

Stefoff, Rebecca. Finding the Lost Cities. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997