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‘’USE OF MERCURY IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING IN NIGERIA’’. A PRESENTATION BY MR. O. C. AZUBIKE , (DIRECTOR, ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING DEPARTMENT), MINISTRY OF MINES AND STEEL DEVELOPMENT, AT A
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‘’USE OF MERCURY IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING IN NIGERIA’’.
A PRESENTATION BY
MR. O. C. AZUBIKE,
(DIRECTOR, ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING DEPARTMENT),
MINISTRY OF MINES AND STEEL DEVELOPMENT,
REGIONAL MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS’ WORKSHOP: ANGLOPHONE WEST AFRICA SUB-REGIONAL ACTION PLANNING ON MERCURY USE IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL SCALE GOLD MINING
ORGANIZED BY THE
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME.
8th – 10th JUNE, 2011.
- Federal Republic.
- Oil and Gas
- Solid Minerals - Tin Columbite, Coal, Limestone, Lead/Zinc, Gold, Bitumen, Gemstones etc.
- N150-N155 = 1USD.
- N220-N225 = 1Euro.
- Army run Hpakant jade mines in Myanmar (Burma)
- Individual garimpeiros panning for gold in remote regions of the Brazilian Amazon.
- Simple rural folks digging for Rock phosphate in Danj/Shini in Sokoto state to the ones digging for Barytes and Tourmaline in Azara, Nasarawa State and Komu, Oyo State respectively.
Minerals produced include but not limited to Gold, Brytes, Limestone, Gemstones, Gypsum;
Characteristics of Artisanal Small-Scale Mining Activities in Nigeria (Cont.)
Chaotic Illegal Artisanal Mining Site.
Currently, Artisanal and small-scale mining ranges from Artisanal miners
to Small-Scale mechanized outfits and within this range are various levels
depending on their financial capacity. They can be classified into two
major groups namely:
Artisanal Mining (AM) with the following levels:
Capital poor and;
Small Scale Mining (SSM) with the following sub groups within it:
Gold occurrences in Nigeria are mostly associated with the Supracrustal (Schist) Belts in the northwest and southwest of Nigeria.
The most important occurrences in the Schist Belts are: Maru, Anka, Malele, Tsohon Birnin Gwari-Kwaga, Bin Yauri, Okolom, Dogondaji and Iperindo areas.
Other smaller occurrences abound beyond the major areas.
Official production of gold in Nigeria dated from 1913, reaching its peak between 1933-43.
Production declined owing to factors such as the World War II, lack of funds by the Nigeria Mining Corporation, discovery of petroleum in 1956 etc.
Absence of systematic exploration and development of the gold fields paved way for intense artisanal activities that is still subsisting today.
Section 91 of the Nigerian Mineral and Mining Act, 2007 provides that performing
(and registered) Mining Cooperatives should be provided with extension services on
the following areas: