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ELEMENTS OF DESIGN - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ELEMENTS OF DESIGN

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  1. ELEMENTS OF DESIGN from Learning to see creatively by Bryan peterson

  2. Too many points of interest often result in confusion

  3. Zoom in or move closer

  4. Change your point of view

  5. Elements of Design Line Shape Form Texture Pattern Color Every photo has at least one element and each often has symbolic value, especially line, shape and color

  6. Line Can symbolize wisdom or experience Jagged line can symbolize fear Also energy and power

  7. Symbolism of line direction Horizontal – tranquility, stability Vertical – pride, dignity Diagonal – movement, speed

  8. Lines have visual weight Thick lines – greater strength than thin

  9. Curvilinear Lines • Signify • Motion • Growth • Meandering direction • Restfulness or restlessness

  10. Line

  11. Line

  12. Line

  13. Line

  14. Line

  15. Shape Is a closed line Is the principal element of identification

  16. Shapes Squares and rectangles – stability, man-made world Triangles – strength, feelings of permanence, endurance, weight Inverted triangles – instability, lightness, impermanence

  17. Shapes (cont) • S shapes – subtle motion, growth, restfulness • Symbolize – water, plant growth, music • Circle – sun, moon, earth, planets • Evokes feelings of completion, universality, wholeness, warmth

  18. Photographing Shapes • Lighting • Back lit, creates silhouette • Front lit, head on • Strong contrast with surroundings • Best time • Hour before/after sunrise • Hour before/after sunset

  19. Shapes

  20. Shapes

  21. Shapes

  22. Shapes

  23. Shapes

  24. Form A shape that is side lit Contrast between light and dark areas gives a shape its form Forms are 3 dimensional, shapes are 2 dimensional

  25. Types of Forms • Hard-edged, man made • Squared, rectangular, circular, triangular • Are aggressive, decisive, rigid • Natural, organic • Round, curving, meandering • Are quieter, lighter, free flowing

  26. Photographing Forms Sunny OK but usually side lit to see shadows

  27. Form

  28. Form

  29. Form

  30. Texture • Types of texture • Smooth • Soft • Silky • Rough • Coarse • Jagged

  31. Texture Invites a high degree of viewer response Feelings of texture evoke memories and strong emotions

  32. Textures

  33. Textures

  34. Textures

  35. Textures

  36. Textures

  37. Pattern Lines, shapes, forms or textures repeated at regular intervals Both man-made and natural Attracted to patterns because the order they present is comforting

  38. Photographing Patterns To create, fill the frame Use macro or telephoto lens

  39. Patterns

  40. Patterns

  41. Patterns

  42. Patterns

  43. Patterns

  44. Patterns

  45. Color • Adds a range of emotional tones • Passive to aggressive • Cheerful to mysterious

  46. Color - Symbol and Meaning Red – most advancing color, aggression Blue – most recessive, coolest tone Green – symbol of fertility, new beginnings, environment Yellow – cheerful, cowardly Orange – cheerful, warmth Purple – symbol of royalty White – pureness Black – mystery, emptiness, death

  47. Color

  48. Color

  49. Color

  50. Color