By Kat O’Brien and Evan Rauh. The History OF ASTRONOMY. EARLY ORIGINS. Evidence of Astronomy has been found dating as far back as 5000 B.C. in the Babylonian, and Sumerians civilizations of Mesopotamia.
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EXTRA (TERRESTRIAL) FACT
Did you know that the Ancient Sumerians were said to be visited by intelligent life?
There is evidence of this in surviving pieces of art . These artifacts depict “God Helpers” they called “annunaki” flying around in saucer shaped vessels with large, bulbous heads.
Is it possible an interest in astronomy, by many ancient civilizations , was triggered by the arrival of extra terrestrial life forms?
Astronomy’s more common application in ancient times was Astrology, ancient people used observations of the stars, moon, and sun to reach purely objective conclusions about the earth.
- precise, accurate methods of mathematics and writing were developed
The Mayans came to believe that the world was flat, with four corners. Each corner represented by a different colored jaguar, that held up the sky...
The Maya often depicted people in “spaceships” – highly intricate transportation vehicles.
EVIDENCE OF ALIENS?
The Egyptians are a prime example of an ancient civilization using the astronomical knowledge to benefit themselves. They used the phases of the moon to predict the swell of the Nile (fishing season), and the phases of the sun to predict harvest season.
They identified 36 groups of stars they called “decans”. They used their position in the sky to tell time at night, and also used these same groups of stars to align the pyramids north and west.
The pyramids are aligned very accurately, the eastern and western sides run almost perfectly north, and the southern and northern sides run almost perfectly west. The Egyptians used the rising and setting of the stars to align the pyramids.
EXTRA (TERRESTRIAL) FACT
The Egyptians often depicted alien-like life forms in hieroglyphics.
Were the pyramids REALLY built by slaves? Or someTHING else??
PLATO, EUXIDOS, AND ARISTOTLE
Eratosthenes and ARISTARCHUS
Eratosthenes and Aristarchus based there work on measuring the approximate size of the earth, moon, and sun.
The theories they developed, improved upon the crystal spheres theory.
Keep in mind, many of these ideas were seen as radical and widely rejected.
Aristarchus proposed the 24 hour rotation of the sphere around the Earth, and even that was rejected.
“Aristarchus of Samos brought out a book consisting of certain hypotheses, in which the premises lead to the conclusion that the universe is many times greater than it is presently thought to be. His hypotheses are that the fixed stars and the sun remain motionless, that the earth revolves about the sun in the circumference of a circle, the sun lying in the middle of the orbit, and that the sphere of the fixed stars, situated about the same center as the sun, is so great that the circular orbit of the earth is as small as a point compared with that sphere.”
Hipparchus (2nd century BC) and Ptolemy (AD 150)
Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton
He developed the HELIOCENTRIC MODEL
John Couch Adams was among important 19th century astronomers he discovered Neptune. He discovered the planet by observing the orbit of Uranus and concluding that there must be another planet in the solar system. This is further example of the use of other sciences and math in the new discoveries of astronomy.
Hubble was an influence in the construction in what was the largest ground based telescopes in the world.
Hubble made the discovers of other galaxies beyond the milky way he’s theorys also reinforced the big bang and ushered in a new age of astronomy and led to the discoveries of modern astronomy.
Since 1958 when president Eisenhower started NASA it has made strides in the exploration of space. Landing the first men on the moon, exploring mars, and making discoveries about other planets is but a page of a long history book about NASA. NASA continues today to make plans and execute them to continue learning about space and our place in it.