Bell Ringer . What was Operation Overlord? What occurred on June 6, 1944? What was V-E Day? Who were the kamikazes? . Chapter 32: World War II, 1939 - 1945. Section 5 – Europe and Japan in Ruins. Devastation in Europe .
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Section 5 – Europe and Japan in Ruins
A Harvest of Destruction
A few of the great cities of Europe remained largely undamaged by war
Included Paris, Rome and Brussels
The Battle of Britain left huge areas of London in ruins
Warsaw was almost completely destroyed
Had a population of nearly 1.3 million; after the war only 153,000 remained
95% of Berlin had been destroyed
The Nuremberg Trials
While nations were struggling to recover politically and economically, they also tried to deal with the issue of war crimes.
During 1945 and 1946, an International Military Tribunal representing 23 nations put Nazi war criminals on trial in Nuremberg, Germany
General Douglas MacArthur had accepted the Japanese surrender and took charge of the US occupation of Japan
Wanted to be fair and not plant the seeds of a future war
Began the process of demilitarization, or disbanding of the Japanese armed forces
Left Japan with only a small police force
Started bringing war criminals to trial