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The Rise of Adolf Hitler. Setting the Stage: World War I. In 1919 Germany is forced to accept the terms of the Treaty of Versailles War Guilt Clause : blame Loss of land ( colonies ) and money ( reparations ) Disarmament Had to form a democracy: Weimar Republic .

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setting the stage world war i
Setting the Stage: World War I
  • In 1919 Germany is forced to accept the terms of the Treaty of Versailles
  • War Guilt Clause: blame
  • Loss of land (colonies)

and money (reparations)

  • Disarmament
  • Had to form a democracy: Weimar Republic
the rise of the nazi party
The Rise of the Nazi Party
  • In 1920, Hitler helps form the Nazi Party
  • Beer Hall Putsch: Hitler and and his Nazis try to overthrow the new democracy in a large beer hall in Munich
  • 16 men are killed
    • Hitler flees and is later arrested on high treason
the rise of the nazi party1
The Rise of the Nazi Party
  • While in prison, Hitler writes “Mein Kampf”
  • Learns he must destroy

democracy from within

  • Serves 8 months and is

released

hitler takes control
Hitler Takes Control
  • In 1925, Paul von Hindenburg elected President of the Weimar Republic
  • By 1932, the Nazi party had become the largest party in the Reichstag

(38% majority)

  • Hitler appointed chancellor in

1933

    • Second in command
hitler takes control1
Hitler Takes Control
  • In February 1933, the Reichstag burns down
    • Blamed on Communists
  • Reichstag responds by suppressing communists and others
    • Passed the “Enabling Act”transfers power to the president
  • In 1934, Hindenburg dies and Hitler is declared “The Fuhrer” (dictator)
prelude to the holocaust wwii
Prelude to the Holocaust & WWII
  • Anti-Semitism, or

hatred of Jews, already

existed in the hearts of

many Europeans

  • Nuremberg Laws were passed allowing the government to legally discriminate against Jews
prelude to the holocaust wwii1
Prelude to the Holocaust & WWII
  • Examples of Nuremberg Laws:
    • Jews were stripped of German citizenship
    • Marriage between Jews and Germans was forbidden
    • Jews were excluded from public office, practicing law, medicine, and teaching
    • Jews had curfews, had to wear a yellow star for public ID
    • Allowed for open and legal terrorism against Jews
prelude to the holocaust wwii2
Prelude to the Holocaust & WWII
  • Nuremberg Laws led to a three-step process:
    • Development of Jewish ghettos in cities
    • Concentration Camps became sites of forced labor and murder
    • Genocidemass

killing of over

6 million Jews

kristallnacht
Kristallnacht
  • 1938
  • The Night of Broken Glass
    • Anti-Semitic riots in Germany and Austria
  • 30,000 Jews rounded

up and taken to

concentration camps

  • Homes, businesses,

and synagogues destroyed

world war ii begins
World War II Begins
  • In 1939, Hitler invades Poland and starts WWII
  • Continues efforts to unite all people of German blood or Aryans under the “Master Race”
  • Empire is known as the Third Reich
result
Result?
  • Hitler used democracy to destroy democracy. Once he became “der Fuhrer”, he ruled Germany as a ruthless dictator and used his power to take over several countries and murder millions