Concord Your worst nightmare!
Subject & Verb Agreement • The subject will determine if the verb is singular or plural. • Examples: • The class of students is well behaved. • The womenare lost in the mall. • The cost of the canoes is expensive. • Macaroni and cheese is my favourite meal. • Experiences of this nature are unforgettable. • Half of the sandwichis eaten. • Some of the childrenare tired
Some irregular cases • If conjunctions that exclude one of the subjects are used, look at the noun closest to the verb. • Examples: • Janet or Barry is responsible. • Janet or the boys are responsible. • Neither the boys nor Janet is responsible. • Excluding conjunctions: …or…; either…or; neither…nor; not only…but also; not…but Continues….
If conjunctions that include all of the subjects are used, look at the first noun that is given. • Examples: • The boys with Janet are keen to go. • Janet, together with the boys, is keen to go. • Janet as well as the boys is keen to go. • The boys as well as Janet are keen to go. • Inclusive conjunctions: with; together with; like; including; as well as
Noun & Pronoun Agreement • A pronoun must agree with the noun it is replacing in gender and numberthroughout the sentence. • Examples: • Onehas to ensure one’s safety when onegoes on a hunting expedition. • The boyshave won their game. • Parents often wonder what their kids are doing.
Much, many, little & few • If the subject can be counted (plural) use many and few. • Examples: • Does he have many problems? • There are too few sandwiches. • If the subject can not be counted (singular) use much and little. • Examples: • How much money did you save? • She bought too little ice cream.
This & that; these & those • This and that are singular. • These and those are plural. • Thisand theseare used for people / things / situations close to the speaker in time or space. • Thatand thoseare used for people / things / situations removed from the speaker in time or space. • Examples: • Those boysover there are in trouble. • This bookhere belongs to me!