Argumentative vs. Persuasive Vs. Propaganda So many terms….what do they all mean? Based on a powerpoint obtained from Stacy Kupchella, South Warren Middle School
In your Writer’s Notebook, answer the following questions • 1. What do you think of when you hear the word argument? • 2. Give an example of an argument that you have seen, read, or heard in recent days? • 3. Have you ever used an argument? When did you use it and as it effective?
Watch an example…… • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kFUg6hMw9Lc • This is what people think of when they think of argument!!!
Is it Persuasion or Argument? Tell how you can be sure? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2RUYkzJio24 • No Kid Hungry PSA
Argument • How do you know? • The author uses facts to convince the audience • The author gives a counter-argument • The author leads you down a logical path to convince you
Is it Persuasion or Argument? Tell how you can be sure? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ZJ5K0zo7dc
Persuasion • How do you know? • The author uses a blend of facts AND opinions to convince the audience • He incorporates a variety of persuasion techniques such as a plain folks and emotional appeal to call you to believe the way he does
What’s the Difference? Argument Persuasion Focus on proving or disproving a point for a reader Uses logical reasoning and factual evidence to prove a point; based on research; considers others perspectives on the issues Explains and evaluates the consequences of accepting the argument Focuses on influencing other’s beliefs and actions Uses a blend of facts and opinions to make others do or believe something; might consider other’s perspectives on the issues Explains the consequences of accepting the belief ONLY if positive
Propoganda • Focuses on making you accept a writer’s beliefs without thinking • Uses assumptions and biases to manipulate your emotions; uses little or no evidence; only considers its own message • Ignores ALL consequences of accepting the belief
Why you should know the difference • Most college writing is ARGUMENT writing– you need to support details LOGICALLY with EVIDENCE • If you do not analyze the writer’s purpose, you may get suckered into believing something that isn’t logical • If you do not recognize the manipulation of propaganda, you will fall prey to advertisements and political ads—then you will make poor purchase OR cast a poor vote
Examples • Argument– “No Kid Hungry” PSA • Persuasion– 2012 Obama campaign ad • Propaganda– Nazi WWII poster