American Masters Whitman and Dickinson Together their words mark the beginning of modern American poetry.
Walt Whitman • Wrote in broad, flowing, conversational rhythms that came to characterize his innovative free-verse style.
Drifted from career to career. • Published Leaves of Grass (1855) at his own expense. • The book was considered radical for the time period.
Whitman pioneers Free Verse – poetry without regular rhyme or meter. • His writing expanded the scope of poetic language and introduced new and natural rhythms. • Overall he created lists as he tried to catalog everything in sight.
Emily Dickinson • Wrote in short, terse lines that used tight rhythms and slant rhymes. Her poems are more mysterious and their meanings can pose a challenge.
Her technique is economical controlled by the rhyme and meter found in a hymn book.
Dickinson lived in Amherst, MA • She lived a normal childhood and teen years. • During a huge revival period she refused to convert. • She attended Mt. Holyoke Seminary for one year and she was an excellent student. • After one year she returned home and lived an isolated life.
Poetic Terms • Free Verse • Cadence • Parallelism • Elliptical construction • Catalog • Repetition • Alliteration • Assonance
Poetic terms continued • Imagery • Theme • Coda • Symbol • Analogy • Rhyme • Exact rhyme • Slant rhyme • Rhyme scheme • Epigram • Rhythm • Meter • Iamb • Irony • Tone • Paradox • Metaphor • Implied metaphor