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STUDENT LEARNING. Chapter 6 Data Analysis for Continuous School Improvement. WHY MEASURE. particular skill or knowledge level of mastery difference certain strategies are making curriculum effectiveness classification of students for instruction program / course graduation

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student learning

STUDENT LEARNING

Chapter 6

Data Analysis for Continuous School Improvement

why measure
WHY MEASURE
  • particular skill or knowledge
  • level of mastery
  • difference certain strategies are making
  • curriculum effectiveness
  • classification of students for instruction
  • program / course graduation
  • school process success

Schools often struggle with measuring student learning, as well as with analysis and presentation.

ways to measure
WAYS TO MEASURE
  • standardized
      • norm-referenced
      • criterion-referenced
      • diagnostic
  • authentic
  • teacher-made
  • grades
  • performance
  • standard-based

Comparing different measures gives insight into what works with each child.

standardized tests
STANDARDIZED TESTS
  • same content, administration, scoring
norm referenced tests
NORM-REFERENCED TESTS
  • compare performance with that of a norming group
  • norming group should look like a normal curve
  • measures are distributed symmetrically about the mean
  • results decrease in frequency the farther they depart from the mean
  • two most common scales are NPR and NCE
national percentile ranks
NATIONAL PERCENTILE RANKS
  • or equivalent, ranges from 1 to 99, midscore- 50
  • one of the most used, and misused scales
  • is an unequal interval scale
  • scores cannot be added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided
  • median scores are most appropriate to describe performance

One should not look at gains, losses, or averages with NPR

normal curve equivalent
NORMAL CURVE EQUIVALENT
  • mean of 50 (grade level), range from 1 to 99
  • equal intervals
  • standard deviation of 21.06 for equivalency to NPR
  • able to compare expected performance, averages, gains, highest and lowest scores
  • excellent for multi-year comparison
  • can be converted to NPR and vice versa
normal curve equivalent1
NORMAL CURVE EQUIVALENT
  • NCE results by grade level could track teacher performance or curriculum effectiveness
  • NCEby cohort could track class performance over time
performance assessments
PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENTS
  • measuring skills, knowledge, ability directly
  • need to find a way to score and interpret individual and group scores