Modernism. Aaron C, Salvador L, Abdullahi A Period 2. What is Modernism?. American modernism is the idea that humans can create, improve, and reshape their environment with the aid of scientific knowledge, technology and practical experimentation.
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Modernism Aaron C, Salvador L, Abdullahi A Period 2
What is Modernism? • American modernism is the idea that humans can create, improve, and reshape their environment with the aid of scientific knowledge, technology and practical experimentation. • Started at the turn of the 20th century between World War I and World War II and continuing into the 21st century.
What is Modernism? • The general term covers political, cultural and artistic movements rooted in the changes in Western society at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. • Modernist art has a tendency to abstraction, is innovative, aesthetic, futuristic and self-referential.
What is Modernism? • Modernists felts that it’s too easy for the individual to be swallowed up by the vastness of things; left wandering, devoid of purpose. • Social boundaries in race, class, sex, wealth, and religion are all being challenged.
Poetic Techniques/Themes • Personification: The level ray of sun-beam has caressed the lily with dark breast – Hilda Doolittle’s Leda • Imagery: “gold day-lily outspreads and rests beneath soft fluttering of red swan wings.” Can be interpreted as the red swan finishing its “business” and is getting ready to fly again. – Hilda Doolittle’s Leda • Effects: To create a more reader-friendly setting and still let the reader know what is happening in the poem.
Major English-language poets of the modernist movement • Marion AngusW. H. AudenDjuna BarnesElizabeth BishopBasil BuntingHart CraneE. E. CummingsH.D.Emily DickinsonT. S. EliotRobert FrostRobert GravesThomas HardyRobert HaydenGerard Manley HopkinsA. E. Housman • Langston HughesRandall JarrellRudyard KiplingD. H. Lawrence Amy LowellRobert LowellMina LoyHugh MacDiarmidArchibald MacLeishMarianne MooreSylvia PlathEzra PoundE. A. RobinsonEdna St. Vincent MillayDelmore SchwartzEdith SitwellKenneth SlessorGertrude SteinWallace StevensAllen TateWalt WhitmanWilliam Carlos WilliamsW. B. Yeats
Robert Frost • Born on March 26, 1874, • Frost grew up in the city, and published his first poem in his high school's magazine. • Worked at various jobs including delivering newspapers and factory labor.
Robert Frost • He did well at Harvard, but left to support his growing family. • From 1921 to 1963, Frost spent almost every summer and fall teaching at the Bread Loaf School of English of Middlebury College, at the mountain campus at Ripton, Vermont. • Harvard's 1965 alumni directory indicates Frost received an honorary degree there and he was the first person to receive two honorary degrees from Dartmouth College.Some two years later, on January 29, 1963, he died, in Boston, of complications from prostate surgery.
Robert Frost • Notable Works: • Mowing, The Tuft of Flowers, Mending Wall, Home Burial, After Apple-Picking, The Wood-Pile, The Road Not Taken, Birches, Fire and Ice, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Hilda Doolittle • Born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania September 10, 1886 – September 27, 1961 • Was an American poet, novelist and memoirist known for her • During the First World War, H.D. suffered the death of her brother and the breakup of her marriage to the poet Richard Aldington, and these events weighed heavily on her later poetry.
Hilda Doolittle • She befriended Sigmund Freud during the 1930s • Abandoned Imagism and its ideals of impersonality, H.D. became interested in mysticism and mythical patterns • i.e. Greek Mythology • Notable Works: Sea Garden (1916), Palimpsest (1926), Trilogy (1944)
T.S. Eliot • Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, of an old New England family. He was educated at Harvard and did graduate work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and Merton College, Oxford.
T.S. Eliot • He settled in England, where he was for a time a schoolmaster and a bank clerk, and eventually literary editor for the publishing house Faber & Faber, of which he later became a director. • He founded and, during the seventeen years of its publication (1922-1939), edited the exclusive and influential literary journal Criterion. In 1927, Eliot became a British citizen and about the same time entered the Anglican Church. • Eliot has been one of the most daring innovators of twentieth-century poetry.
T.S. Eliot • Eliot's poetry from Prufrock (1917) to the Four Quartets (1943) reflects the development of a Christian writer: the early work, especially The Waste Land (1922), is essentially negative, the expression of that horror from which the search for a higher world arises.
T.S. Eliot • Notable Works: • Circe's Palace" (1908)"Song: 'When we came home across the hill'" (1909)"On a Portrait" (1909)"Nocturne" (1909)Sweeney Among the Nightingales"The Hippopotamus""Whispers of Immortality""Mr. Eliot's Sunday Morning Service""A Cooking Egg"
AP Prompts • What events and social processes preceded the modernist movement? The movement began in the late 1890’s – early 1900’s. It was the time of revolutions, technological advances, and social changes. Think how these changes affected the movement and introduce your ideas in the essay on modernism.Modernism touched almost all forms of art: cubism and impressionism in painting, free verse and stream of consciousness in literature. Discuss more about the representatives of different forms of art, their works, basic themes they touched upon.
AP Prompts • With the rise of industrialization on the American continent and beginning of the first world war to the ending of the second came a new style of writing termed “Modernist Literature”. Writers began producing works that touched on subjects such as sexuality, gender roles, politics, and racial relationships that were not previously spoken of so freely. Write and discuss about a piece which embeds these ideas within it's Poem.
Bibliography • Works Cited Page (Links) • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernist_literaturehttp://modernism.research.yale.edu/wiki/index.php/Robert_Frosthttp://modernism.research.yale.edu/wiki/index.php/T.S._Eliothttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernism • http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/234 • http://www.poemhunter.com/hilda-doolittle/ • http://www.utoledo.edu/library/canaday/guidepages/modernism2.html • www.poets.orghttp://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H.D.