ZhejiangTechonology Institute of Economy. The Brake System. Unit 6. Section I Listening and speaking. Section II Reading. Section III Grammar. Section IV Comprehensive practice. Vocabulary. Auto After-Sales Service. Section I Listen and Speaking. Task 1: Picture recognition
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Task 1: Picture recognition
Task 2: Read and match
Task 3: Speak out
Task 4: Listen and practice
Task 5: Act out
Mary: I often see the words “ABS” on the car, but I don’t know what that means?
Paul: It’s the _______________ of Anti-lock Brake System.
Mary: What are the main __________ of it?
Paul: ABS sensor, center differential lock switch, hydraulic unit… Just
__________ some of them.
Mary: It seems very __________.
Mary: And what is the __________ of it?
Paul: It is designed to maintain driver __________ and stability of the car during
Mary: So it is a very important and practical part in the brake system.
Paul: The brakes are probably the most important part of your car. But
sometimes there will be problems __________.
Mary: So what kind of problems will _______________ the brakes?
Paul: For example, brake pedal goes ______________ down to stop, brake
pedal is _______________, brake pedal goes to floor, or brakes become
weak or __________.
Mary: Are they serious problems?
Paul: Not serious, but if you don’t handle them __________, they will be quite
dangerous in emergency.
Mary: I see. As long as there is something wrong with the brake, we should
have it __________ carefully.
Tom knows little about the parts of the brake system and anti-lock brake system, and Mike try to explain them to him.
Mary finds her car brake squeak sometimes, so she consults Mike about the problem. Mike says there are several possibilities which will cause brakes to squeak, such as brake dust, shaking brake pads, worn brake pads, and suggests Mary should have her brake checked.
Task 1 Listen to the passage and fill in the missing information.
Anti-lock Brake Systems (ABS)
The antilock brake system (ABS) helps prevent a vehicle’s wheels from __________ during “panic” braking, which allows the driver to maintain greater steering control as the vehicle is quickly slowed—a key factor in __________ a collision.
However, ABS does not __________ you will avoid a crash. In fact, you still may lose control when driving at excessive speed or during __________ steering maneuvers.
All passenger cars __________ with ABS have four-wheel ABS. SUVs, trucks, and vans equipped with ABS may have either four-wheel or two-wheel ABS. Four-wheel ABS monitors and controls all the wheels of the vehicle, whereas two-wheel ABS only ___________________ the rear wheels. In vehicles with two-wheel ABS, the front wheels can still lock during hard or __________ braking and this lockup can result in the loss of steering control.
monitors and controls
Task 2: Read the passage and choose the best answer to complete the statements.
1. ABS does not guarantee you will avoid a crash if you __________.
A. the vehicle is quickly slowed
B. drive at excessive speed
C. have gentle steering maneuvers
2.In vehicles with two-wheel ABS, the lockup of the front wheels can__________.
A .monitors and controls the rear wheels
B. lead to the loss of steering control.
C. maintain greater steering control
3. During emergency braking, __________ provides more brake power to help the driver achieve full brake-pedal force.
A. panic braking
B. two-wheel ABS
C. Brake Assist
4. What does the word “rear” mean in the passage?
Emergency brakes are a secondary braking system installed in motor vehicles. Also known as e-brakes, hand brakes and parking brakes, emergency brakes are not powered by hydraulics and are independent of the service brakes used to slow and stop vehicles.
The e-brake is called an emergency brake for a reason -- using it can save your life.
Emergency Brake Parts
Motor vehicles use either drum brakes or disc brakes. Drum brakes are common in the rear wheels, while disc brakes are most common on the front wheels (or all four wheels).
Electric e-brakes are available on some cars today. Advanced electric brake systems utilize computer-controlled motors to engage the brake caliper.
When to Use the Emergency Brake
The most common use of the emergency brake is as a parking brake. Those who drive manual transmission vehicles, or stick shifts, usually engage the emergency brake every time they exit the car. If not engaged, the car might just roll away all on its own. Automatic transmission drivers tend to use the emergency brake far less.
The emergency brake can also be used as an aid to manual transmission drivers to prevent rollback when starting on a hill. Pulling the emergency brake while stopped, and then letting it out as you release the clutch can be tricky, so you might want to practice this maneuver before depending on it. Make sure there’s no one behind you if you’ve never done it before.
Dangers of the Emergency Brake
Even though the emergency brake cable is housed in a protective sleeve, with infrequent use, the cable can become corroded and rusted. This can result in cable failure just when you need it the most. Normal use keeps the cable in good condition, though you should have the emergency brakes routinely inspected, as they sometimes need to be tightened.
If you’re ever in the highly unlikely but extremely serious situation of having your service brakes fail to function, try to stay calm and pull the emergency brake lever up slow and steady, bringing the vehicle to a longer but more controlled stop.
The e-brake is called an ____________________ for a reason -- using it can _______________. Motor vehicles use either drum brakes or disc brakes. The most common use of the emergency brake is as a _______________. The emergency brake can also be used as an aid to ____________________ drivers to prevent rollback when starting on a hill. Normal use prevents buildup and keeps the cable _______________, though you should have the emergency brakes __________________, as they sometimes need to be __________. If you’re ever in the highly unlikely but extremely serious situation of having your service brakes _______________, try to stay calm and pull the emergency brake lever up _______________, bringing the vehicle to a longer but more controlled stop.
save your life
in good condition
fail to function
slow and steady
he played football
How fast the red F1 racer is driving!
How encouraging the Chinese Auto Industry develops!
What thoughtful and considerate services the 4S dealer provides!
What an extraordinary auto exhibition it is!
Don't you think it a happy thing to own a car!
(I) Applied Writing
Introduction to a Company
Students can choose one of the two tasks, work in groups, and prepare for an in-class presentation.
activate v. 刺激,使...活动,
install v. 安装,安置,使...就职
hydraulics n. 液压，水力学
utilize v. 利用
release v. 释放,让与,准予发表,
clutch n. 离合器
tricky adj. 技巧的，狡猾的
infrequent adj. 稀少的,珍贵的,
component n. 元件,组件,成份
complicated adj. 复杂的,难懂的
stability n. 稳定性
squeak v. 吱吱叫,咬
collision n. 碰撞,冲突
excessive adj. 过多的,过分的
monitor v. 监视,监听,监督
whereas conj.&adv. 然而,却,反之
result in 导致
roll away 滚过去(慢慢移过去)
tend to do易于做某事,l
let… out 放出(泄露,出去)
in accordance with按照
brake caliper 线煞车
brake pedal 制动踏板
master cylinder 制动主缸
disc brake 盘式制动器
drum brake 鼓式制动器
corrode v. 使腐蚀,侵蚀,破害
rust vt. 生锈,使...生锈
routinely adv. 通常
tighten v. 勒紧,坚固
steady adj. 稳定的,稳固的
incorporate v. 合并,组成公司,
facility n. 设施,设备
analytical adj. 分析的,解析的
expertise n. 专家的意见,专门技术
cadastre n. 地籍图
inventory n. 详细目录,存货清单
Anti-lock Brake System 防抱死制动系统
manual transmission 手动操纵传动
stick shift 手动式变速器
Automatic transmission 自动操纵传动
emergency brake cable 制动器拉索
protective sleeve 保护套
brake lever 刹车手柄