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CRYOTHERAPY. Ben, Trina, Jake, Levi. OBJECTIVES. History Characteristics Methods of Cryotherapy Evidence Based Research Review Questions References. HISTORY. HISTORY. CHARACTERISTICS. What is occurring to the tissue. Therapeutic affects. Types of Cryotherapy. Whirlpool

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Presentation Transcript
cryotherapy

CRYOTHERAPY

Ben, Trina, Jake, Levi

objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • History
  • Characteristics
  • Methods of Cryotherapy
  • Evidence Based Research
  • Review Questions
  • References
characteristics
CHARACTERISTICS

What is occurring to the tissue

Therapeutic affects

types of cryotherapy
Types of Cryotherapy
  • Whirlpool
  • Ice massage
  • Cryocuff
  • Ice packs
whirlpool
Whirlpool
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
ice massage
ICE MASSAGE
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
cryocuff
CRYOCUFF
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
ice packs
ICE Packs
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
methods of application3
METHODS OF APPLICATION

Apply to affected area

15 to 20 at a time several times a day

Prolonged ice application beyond 1 to 2 days has been shown to impair healing

contraindications3
CONTRAINDICATIONS
  • Severe reactions to cold are rare and are related to hypersensitivity reactions.
  • Cold is contraindicated forpatientswho have developed hypertension during cold treatment or have a cold allergy (hives, joint pain) or cryoglobulinemia.
  • Cold should not be applied to areas of reduced skin sensitivity, or in patients who have Raynaud’ssyndrome or sickle cell anemia.
  • Cold can further impair local blood flow in people who have peripheral vascular disease.
precautions3
PRECAUTIONS

Prolonged exposure will lead to freezing of tissue

A number of cases of peripheral nerve injury from cryotherapy have been reported.

Injury sites have included the peroneal, lateral femoral cutaneous, and supraclavicular nerves

recommendations for use3
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE
  • Decreases swelling
  • Decreases muscle spasm
  • Decreases pain
  • Decreases vasoconstriction
proper use of agent3
PROPER USE OF AGENT
  • When applying ice, never do so directly onto the skin
  • 15-20min intervals several times a day
  • During the first 24 to 72 hours after an injury be sure to avoid any form of heat at the injury site, avoid movement and do not massage the injured area as these will increase the bleeding, swelling and pain.