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CRYOTHERAPY. Ben, Trina, Jake, Levi. OBJECTIVES. History Characteristics Methods of Cryotherapy Evidence Based Research Review Questions References. HISTORY. HISTORY. CHARACTERISTICS. What is occurring to the tissue. Therapeutic affects. Types of Cryotherapy. Whirlpool

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cryotherapy

CRYOTHERAPY

Ben, Trina, Jake, Levi

objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • History
  • Characteristics
  • Methods of Cryotherapy
  • Evidence Based Research
  • Review Questions
  • References
characteristics
CHARACTERISTICS

What is occurring to the tissue

Therapeutic affects

types of cryotherapy
Types of Cryotherapy
  • Whirlpool
  • Ice massage
  • Cryocuff
  • Ice packs
whirlpool
Whirlpool
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
ice massage
ICE MASSAGE
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
cryocuff
CRYOCUFF
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
ice packs
ICE Packs
  • Methods of application
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Precautions
  • Recommendations for use
  • Proper use of agent
methods of application3
METHODS OF APPLICATION
  • Apply to affected area
  • 15 to 20 minutes at a time several times a day
  • Prolonged ice application beyond 1 to 2 days has been shown to impair healing.
indications3
INDICATIONS
  • Use of an ice pack is in the acute phase of a soft tissue injury.
  • Cooling will help prevent swelling.
  • Ice packs are also useful to minimize or prevent increased inflammation or pain.
  • The depth of anesthesia with an ice pack is generally considerably less than with an ice massage.
contraindications3
CONTRAINDICATIONS
  • Severe reactions to cold are rare and are related to hypersensitivity reactions.
  • Cold is contraindicated for patients who have developed hypertension during cold treatment or have a cold allergy (hives, joint pain) or cryoglobulinemia.
  • Cold should not be applied to areas of reduced skin sensitivity, or in patients who have Raynaud’s syndrome or sickle cell anemia.
  • Cold can further impair local blood flow in people who have peripheral vascular disease.
precautions3
PRECAUTIONS
  • Prolonged exposure will lead to freezing of tissue.
  • A number of cases of peripheral nerve injury from cryotherapy have been reported.
  • Injury sites have included the peroneal, lateral femoral cutaneous, and supraclavicular nerves
recommendations for use3
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE
  • Decreases or reduces swelling
  • Decreases inflamation
  • Decreases muscle spasm
  • Decreases pain
  • Decreases vasoconstriction
  • Decreases secondary tissue damage
proper use of agent3
PROPER USE OF AGENT
  • When applying an ice pack, never do so directly onto the skin unless you are using crushed ice.
  • 15-20min intervals several times a day
  • During the first 24 to 72 hours after an injury be sure to avoid any form of heat at the injury site, avoid movement and do not massage the injured area as these will increase the bleeding, swelling, and pain.