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The Concept of Safe Migration From Indonesia Perspective. Sri Setiawati, MA - IETO Taipei. Outline. Introduction Indonesia Overseas Contract Workers (IOCWs) Protection of IOCWs MoU Labour Laws Labour Attaches IETO Programmes for IOCWs. Introduction.

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The concept of safe migration from indonesia perspective

The Concept of Safe MigrationFrom Indonesia Perspective

Sri Setiawati, MA - IETO Taipei


Outline
Outline

  • Introduction

  • Indonesia Overseas Contract Workers (IOCWs)

  • Protection of IOCWs

  • MoU

  • Labour Laws

  • Labour Attaches

  • IETO Programmes for IOCWs


Introduction
Introduction

  • Concept of Migration (Intra Migration, Urbanization,Transmigration, International Migration)

  • Reasons (Politics, Educations, Marriage/ Family reunion, Working)

  • Types of IOCWs (Proffesional Jobs, Formal & Informal Workers)

    • Low educated, big numbers, vulnerable, women, isolated.


Indonesia overseas contract workers iocws
Indonesia Overseas Contract Workers (IOCWs)

  • General Characteristics of IOCWs

    • Characteristics of IOCWs in Taiwan

  • Mechanism of Placement :

    • Pre Departure

      • Process of Placement IOCWs

    • During Employment Contract

    • Post Employment Contract


General characteristics of iocws
General Characteristics of IOCWs

Number of IOCWs +/- 3 million

Age of IOCWs: 19-39 Years

Education Background:

72% Primary Sch, 28% High Sch & Bachelor

Sex of IOCWs: 26% Male, 74% Female

Occupation of IOCWs

Informal 78%, Formal 22%

Destination Crountries: 47% Aspac, 45% Mideast, 8% Europ & America

Place of Origin: Java, Jakarta, Lampung,NTB, NTT, Sulawesi, and Others


Characteristics of iocws in taiwan
Characteristics of IOCWs in Taiwan

  • Number of IOCWs : 149,000

  • Sex : 87% Female, 13% Male

  • Occupation:

    • 87% - informal workers (domestics workers)

    • 13% - semi formal & formal workers (manufacturer & seafarer)

  • Place of origin: East Java, Central Java, West Java, Lampung, Palembang, Medan, others

  • Education: Yunior & Senior High School


Process of placement iocws
Process of Placement IOCWs

Training

Competence

Assessment

Pre Departure

Training

Selection

Medical

Departure

Document


During employment contract
During Employment Contract

  • Understanding the contain of Employment Contract;

  • Understanding of job description;

  • Understanding of right and obligation;

  • Knowing how to complaint;

  • Report to Representative office & keep the contact person numbers.


Post employment contract
Post Employment Contract

  • Assistance for Returness to their village

  • Incressing of Self Confident, Self Development, Family Welfare

  • Remittance Social

    • Improving knowledge, skill and education.


Protection of iocws
Protection of IOCWs

  • Pre Departure

    • Training Camp

    • Processing document

  • During Employment Contract

    • Employment Contract

    • MoU

    • Labour Attache responsible for labour case

    • Consulate Officer responsible for non labour case

  • Post Employment Contract

    • Arrangement of Returnees transportation to the village


Government policies on iocws
Government Policies on IOCWs

  • Act no. 39 year 2004 concerning on Placement and Protection of IOCWs

  • Simplified Procedure of Placement of IOCWs: Ministrial Decree no. 16,17 & 18 Year 2009.

  • Improvement of Insurance Mechanism : Ministerial Decree No.23 Year 2008 and no.per 07/Men/V/2010.


Government policies on iocws1
Government Policies on IOCWs

  • Presidential Decree No. 81 Year 2006 concerning on National Board for Placement and Protection of IOCWs.

  • Ministerial Decree No. 23 Year 2009 on Education and Traning for Candidates of IOCWs.

  • MoU between Indonesia and 10 Destination Places for IOCWs.

  • Labour Attaches in 11 Destination Countries


MoU

  • Mou, between Indonesia with 9 destination places: Malaysia (2 MoU), South Korea, Jordan, Kuwait, Taiwan, United Emirate Arab, Australia, Qatar and Japan

  • Draft MoU with 3 countries: Brunei Darussalam, Syria, and Lybia


Labour laws
Labour Laws

  • Sufficient Labour Laws in Hong Kong and Singapore which cover Foreign Domestic Helpers including from Indonesia


Labour attaches
Labour Attaches

  • Aims : to protect IOCWs in Destination Countries

  • There are 11 Labour Attache in 10 Destination places for IOCWs: Malaysia, Hong Kong, Arab Saudi (Riyadh & Jeddah), UEA, Kuwait, Brunei Darussalam, South Korea, Singapore Qatar and Taiwan


Ieto programmes for iocws
IETO PROGRAMMES For IOCWs

  • Citizen Services (Labour, immigration & consular)

  • Socialisation & training

  • Protection of workers by solving their labour cases



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