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Roots of Representative Government

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Roots of Representative Government

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  1. Roots of Representative Government Colonists expected their government to preserve their basic rights as English Subjects

  2. Key Terms Magna Carta Parliament Glorious Revolution English Bill of Rights Salutary Neglect Key People Edmund Andros John Peter Zenger Key Terms and Key People

  3. A’la Carta • The Rights of Englishmen had developed over centuries starting with the Magna Carta • The Magna Carta gave noblemen and freemen rights in exchange for money in the war • They could not have property seized, could not be taxed or put on trial unless there were special circumstances and had to be tried by a jury of their peers • The Magna Carta limited the power of the King and over time Magna Carta Rights were extended to all people

  4. House of Pain • The right to elect Parliament became a model of representational government • English parliament had TWO bodies: • House of Commons: Elected by the people • House of Lords: Nobles, Judges, Church Officials • Could Not Govern Colonies from overseas

  5. Represent Yourself • The colonies established The House of Burgesses and The general Assembly as representative bodies • The Houses imposed taxes and manages the colonies • England still had powers over the colonies and appointed royal governors to rule them • Parliament passed laws to govern the colonies, angering colonists who had no say in the laws

  6. Reign Storm • James II wanted to gain more control over the Northern Colonies who were breaking the Navigation Acts • King James created the dominion of New England and established Edmund Andros as Governor • Andros Eliminated the Representative assemblies and Limited Town meetings to Once a Year • Colonists Protested taxation without representation, but the Glorious Revolution ended the reign of King James

  7. A very Awkward Family Reunion • When King James tried to overturn anti-catholic laws, William and Mary Became rulers of England • William and Mary reinforced the English Bill of Rights giving more power to the people • America would establish similar rights in the colonies and restore parliament in the colonies • Edmund Andros would be jailed for his role in limiting colonial rights

  8. Power to the People The English Bill of rights States that: • The Throne would respect the rights of the English People • The Throne could not cancel laws or impose taxes without parliamentary consent • Free elections and meetings of parliament were required and the parliament made all laws in England • Excessive fines and Cruel Punishments were forbidden • People could complain about the Throne without punishment

  9. Power Struggle • Massachusetts regained parliamentary government but was still ruled by a governor • The royal governor and the Colonial Assembly had the power to check the other body’s Power • England would pass laws against the colonies but Practiced Salutary Neglect and rarely enforced the Laws

  10. Tryals and Trybulations • The colonies moved to gain Freedom of the press after John Peter Zenger was put on trial for criticizing the governor • Zenger was found innocent and made it legal for the press to criticize the actions of the government • People would begin to Unify under the move for citizen rights

  11. This has been another World Famous Mr. Green PowerPoint Presentation Audio Bonus!**