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Animal Behavior

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Animal Behavior

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  1. Animal Behavior Mrs. Rightler

  2. Methods of Study • Comparative psychology • Ethology • Behavioral ecology • Sociobiology

  3. Instinct • Basic set of behaviors present at birth • May need a trigger • Behavior improves or changes with experience

  4. Maturation • Behavior seen after a period of development has occurred • Improvement or change not based on experience but on time • Ex. Tadpole swimming techniques

  5. Imprinting • Konrad Lorenz • Critical time period ONLY • Young animal develops attachment to another animal or object • Rapid learning

  6. Learning

  7. Habituation • Animal trained to ignore stimuli • Dog examples

  8. Classical Conditioning • Pavlov’s dog • Animal learns to respond to particular stimuli • Basic obedience training

  9. Instrumental Conditioning • Trial-and-error learning • Skinner Box • Behavior can be “shaped”

  10. Latent Learning • Exploratory learning • No obvious reward • Helps animal learn about its surroundings

  11. Insight Learning • Animal uses experiences and thinking to solve problems. • Tool use • Primates

  12. Behavior is Controlled by: • Nervous system • Endocrine system • Organizational effects • Activational effects

  13. Animal Communication • Transfer of information from one animal to the other (both must be mutually adapted) • Visual • Auditory • Tacticle • Chemical