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Towards a National Adaptation Strategy in Peru: Climate Change into Development . Paris, March 21 2005 . María Paz Cigarán National Environmental Council Presidency of the Ministerial Cabinet - PERU. Pisco - Paracas. THIS IS PERU. INCREASING TREND OF ANNUAL EMERGENCIES 1995-2001.

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slide1

Towards a National Adaptation Strategy in Peru: Climate Change into Development

Paris, March 21 2005

María Paz Cigarán

National Environmental Council

Presidency of the Ministerial Cabinet - PERU

slide2

Pisco - Paracas

THIS IS

PERU

slide3

INCREASING TREND OF ANNUAL EMERGENCIES

1995-2001

Number of emergencies

Growing trend

Source: Historical Data Bank

National System of Civil Defense

South Earthquake

FEN 98

slide4

ALUD

ALUVION

DERRUMBE DE CERRO

DESLIZAMIENTO

GRANIZADA

HELADA

HUAYCO (LLOCLLA)

INUNDACION

LLUVIA INTENSA

MARETAZO (MAREJADA)

NEVADA

SISMO

SISMO (EPICENTRO)

(vacías)

EMERGENCIES RELATED TO NATURAL HAZARDS

1995-2001

At least 84 % of declared emergencies due to climate risks

Floods 47% intense rains 15%, Huaycos (landslides) 13%, landslides 9%

Source

Multisectoral Commission of Risk Reduction for Development

glacier shrinkage in the white cordillera example of artesonraju glacier
Glacier shrinkage in the White Cordillera: Example of Artesonraju Glacier

1932

1947

1952

1984

1999

2002

slide6

NATIONAL AGREEMENT

FOR GOVERNABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT

COUNTRY POLICY Nº 10

Poverty Reduction

COUNTRY POLICY Nº 19

Sustainable Development and

Environmental Management

NATIONAL

STRATEGY

ON CLIMATE

CHANGE

LET’S

CLEAN

THE AIR

Emission

Info and

control

By supreme

decree

By supreme

decree

PROCLIM

slide7

The process towards an Adaptation Strategy

1 NC Is Peru Vulnerable: Preliminary results

BC (2003 – 2005): Bottom up/3 areas/different approaches

US$ Disastres costed/

can cost

HDI / GDP

Sectoral V&A

(infraestructure)

Vulnerability map

Sample: 3 other areas

MEF involved: Regional Budget allocation/Ministries Budget/ PINS

  • National Adaptation Strategy
  • Policy: Regional/Sectoral
  • Research and climate info
  • Instrument: Budget allocation/PINS/EIA/LUP
  • GDP / HDI monitoring
slide8

e avance: Piura (1)

Integrated Vulnerability Assessment in Piura

  • Regional climate scenarios:
  • El Niño Event
  • Change in average intensity of rains
  • Impact on fisheries/coast:
  • Impacted species
  • Impact on population:
  • Disaster analysis
  • Land use
  • Extreme weather events

Analysis on 5 crops:

Lemon, rice, cotton, corn, vulnerable to intense rains and incrase in temperature

  • Low part of the river basin: Increment in floods (Piura city, Catacaos)
slide9

POSTERS

Alto y medio Piura

slide10

POSTERS

Litoral

slide11

POSTERS

Piura Ciudad

slide12

The process towards an Adaptation Strategy

1 NC Is Peru Vulnerable: Preliminary results

BC (2003 – 2005): Bottom up/3 areas/different approaches

US$ Disastres costed/

can cost

HDI / GDP

Sectoral V&A

(infraestructure)

Vulnerability map

Sample: 3 other areas

MEF involved: Regional Budget allocation/Ministries Budget/ PINS

  • National Adaptation Strategy
  • Policy: Regional/Sectoral
  • Research and climate info
  • Instrument: Budget allocation/PINS/EIA/LUP
  • GDP / HDI monitoring
slide13

Approach to Priority Areas for V&A assessment

Piura: El Niño

Selva Alta, Alto Mayo basin

Sierra Cordillera Blanca, glacier zone, coastal area

Mantaro Basin, Hydro and agriculture

Sierra of Cusco, glacier zone

Integrated map of climate

risks (including droughts),

agrobiodiversity and

human development

index

Highlands, Titicaca Lake basin

slide14

Barriers and needs

  • Socioeconomic conditions - poverty
  • Vulnerable to climate variability: no prevention culture
  • Insufficient information and management
  • Climate Change – still in the environmental comunity
  • Law = Budget allocation
  • V& As: sample of regions and sectors
  • Tools and info to convince/ to decide qnd prioritize
  • Capacity building: equipment/ human resources