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Planet Health By Jill Carter, MA, EdM, Jean L. Wiecha, PhD, Karen E. Peterson, RD, ScD, Suzanne Nobrega, MS, and Steven L. Gortmaker, PhD A project of the: Harvard Prevention Research Center on Nutrition and Physical Activity Harvard School of Public Health
Planet Health Introductory Workshop Agenda Topics • Introductions • What Is Planet Health? (Presentation) • Are You Concerned About Your Students’ Nutrition and Physical Activity Habits? (Discussion) • The Health of Young People: Trends in Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Inactivity (Presentation) • Turning the Tables: Why Schools Need to Be Part of the Solution (Presentation) • Using the Planet Health Curriculum (Presentation) • Planet Health’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Messages (Activities) • Talking to Youth About Nutrition and Physical Activity Habits (Questions)
Planet Health Demonstration Lessons • Lesson 1 (introductory classroom lesson) Do You Make Space for Fitness and Nutrition? • Lesson 2 Power Down: Charting Screen Time • Lesson 21 (science) Fat Functions • Lesson 19 (science) Passing the Sugar • Lesson 5 (language arts) The Language of Food • Lesson 34 (social studies) Impact of Technology • Lesson 15 (math) Plotting Coordinate Graphs: What Does Your Day Look Like? • Introduction to FitCheck (physical education)
What Is Planet Health? • An interdisciplinary health curriculum for middle school students that teaches students about nutrition and physical activity • A curriculum that builds skills and competencies in language arts, math, science, social studies, and physical education
Planet Health has been evaluated and shown to be effective in a scientific study. • It improves student knowledge of nutrition and physical activity. • It reduces TV viewing time in both boys and girls. • It increases fruit and vegetable consumption in girls. • It reduces obesity in girls.
Teachers report that … • They felt competent teaching the health content. • They were able to choose lessons that fit into their curriculum. • They enjoyed the student-centered teaching techniques. • Planet Health had a positive effect on their own health. • Planet Health helped them to connect with their students.
Are you concerned about your students’ nutrition and physical activity habits?
The Health of Young People: Trends in Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Inactivity
Youth Are at Risk! Trends in Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Inactivity • Seventy percent of youth eat more saturated fat than experts recommend. • Youth drink twice as much soda as milk. • Eighty percent of youth do not eat 5 or more fruits and vegetables per day.* • Thirty-seven percent of older youth watch 3 or more hours of TV per day.* • Sixty-four percent of high school students do not get the recommended amount of daily physical activity.* *CDC, Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2005.
Youth are at Risk! Trends in Overweight Prevalence of overweight among U.S. children and adolescents NHANES 2003-2004, National Center for Health Statistics
Health Consequences of Overweight Overweight and obese people are at increased risk for the following: • Type 2 diabetes • Depression • High cholesterol • Heart disease • Premature death • Stroke • Hypertension • Asthma • Some cancers Adapted from: USSDHHS.The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity, 2001.
Environmental and Social Change Affect Health Behavior • More TV/video games • More car travel • Fewer PE classes • Fewer students walking and biking to school • Lower perception of safety • More food available • Growth of the food industry and advertising • More meals away from home • More sugar-sweetened beverages • Large serving sizes
Distribution of Hours of TV per Day: NHES Youth Aged 12-17 in 1967-1970 and NLSY Youth Aged 12-17 in 1990 Data from Dietz, W.H., Gortmaker, S.L. 1985. Do we fatten our children at the television set? Obesity and television viewing in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 75: 807-812.
Prevalence of Obesity by Hours of TV per Day: NHES Youth Aged 12-17 in 1967-1970 and NLSY Youth Aged 10-15 in 1990 Data from Dietz, W.H., Gortmaker, S.L. 1985. Do we fatten our children at the television set? Obesity and television viewing in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 75: 807-812.
Beverage Intake Among Adolescents Aged 11-18, 1965-1996 Data from C. Cavadini et al., 2000. U.S, “Community child health, public health, and epidemiology,” Archives of Disease in Children 83: 18-24 (based on USDA surveys).
Soft Drink Consumption and Overweight • Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) contribute to childhood obesity incidence. • A recent study found that for each additional serving of SSB consumed per day, the incidence of obesity increased. • Reducing the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages can reduce overweight among youth. • A recent study found that the intake of carbonated drinks could be decreased, and that this change was accompanied by a decrease in the percentage of overweight and obese children. • A pilot study found that when teens reduced SSB consumption by replacing SSBs with noncaloric beverages, they lost a pound a month.
Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Are a Critical Part of Learning and Achievement • Eating breakfast increases academic test scores, daily attendance, concentration, and class participation. • Children learn through movement. • Physically fit kids perform better academically. • Gross motor development is an important precursor for the fine motor skills needed for writing and the eye coordination needed for smooth tracking during reading. • Children spend more time reading and doing homework when parents set limits on TV viewing.
Book Organization • Section 1: Implementing Planet Health in Your School • Section 2: Classroom Lessons • Foundation lessons • Language arts • Math • Science • Social studies • Secton 3: Physical Education Microunits
Appendixes • Appendix A: Nutrition Resources • Appendix B: Physical Activity Resources • Appendix C: Television and Other Screen Time Resources • Appendix D: Social Studies Resources • Appendix E: Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks
Do You Make Space for Fitness and Nutrition?Lesson 1Introduction: Student Self-Assessment
Healthy Eating and Active Living: • Make you strong and fit. • Brighten your mood and build a positive self-image. • Help you maintain a healthy weight. • Are important for learning. • Are fun!
Curriculum ConnectionsExisting parent/family connections in the Planet Health curriculum: