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History of Korea. Ancient Communism Korean War. Early History. First Koreans were immigrants from northern Asia First people grew rice and made bronze tools Practiced shamanism- belief that good and evil spirits are in both living and non living things Briefly controlled by the Han Dynasty.

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history of korea

History of Korea

Ancient

Communism

Korean War

early history
Early History
  • First Koreans were immigrants from northern Asia
  • First people grew rice and made bronze tools
  • Practiced shamanism- belief that good and evil spirits are in both living and non living things
  • Briefly controlled by the Han Dynasty
three kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
  • Silla, Paekche, Koguryo
  • Adopted many Chinese elemenst
  • 668 the Kingdom of Silla conquers all of Korea
  • Ushered in a time of prosperity and peace
  • Wrote the Tripitaka- Buddhist scripture, largest in the world
yi dynasty chosen
Yi Dynasty (Chosen)
  • 1392 AD
  • Capital at Hanyang (Seoul)
  • Developed a form of Confucianism that was extremely strict
  • Simplified the writing to 24 letters (traditional writing was still popular as well)
  • Held off and invasion from the Japanese
    • Admiral Yi-Sun-Shin used iron clad ships known as “turtle ships”
japanese control post wwii
Japanese Control & Post WWII
  • 1910 Japan takes control of Korea until after WWII
  • After WWII Korea was “briefly” occupied by the US and Soviet Union
  • Korea was split along the 38thparalell
  • North and South Korea both have governments claiming to be in control of the peninsula
  • The Soviets and American forces withdraw from Korea in 1948 and 1949
korean war
Korean War
  • 1950 North Korea invades the South to unit them under communist rule
  • The UN voted to help stop the invasion (90% of soldiers were American)
  • US is afraid of the Domino Theory- if one country becomes communist then others around it will follow
  • North Korea had almost taken over
korean war1
Korean War
  • US General Douglas McArthur launches a surprise attack on the North Koreans
  • Pushed the North Koreans back to the Yalu River at the Chinese border
  • McArthur crosses into China and destroys supply depots
  • The Chinese become involved and UN forces have to retreat
  • Finally a stalemate is reached at the 38thparalell
north korea after the war
North Korea After the War
  • 1948-1994 Kim Il Sung became the Communist leader in Korea
  • Stressed heavy industry, nuclear power, and military strength
  • 20% of the budget was devoted to the military which slowed standard of living improvements
kim jong il
Kim Jong-il
  • Leader of Korea after his father Kim-il Sung
  • Died in 2011
  • Cult of personality developed around him
    • Had the constitution amended so he was referd to as Supreme Leader
    • He was hailed as a demigod in North Korea while South Korea portrayed him as a vain playboy with a penchant for bouffant hair, jumpsuits and platform shoes designed to make him look taller.
    • His private train journeys were as luxurious as befitted a leader of North Korea, despite the millions left behind starving due to famine: one Russian emissary who travelled across Russia by train with Kim described how live lobsters were airlifted daily to his train.
    • He reportedly spread the myth across North Korea that he could control the weather with his moods, as if by magic.
want more claims to go
Want more claims to go
  • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/8965694/50-fascinating-facts-Kim-Jong-il-and-North-Korea.html
south korea
South Korea
  • Enjoyed tremendous success
  • To grow the economy exports were strongly encouraged
  • Government still had very repressive policies
  • 1980s student protests led to more freedoms and a new constitution