Translation. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS. Transcription = Nucleic acid sequence (a gene) an identical copy of the Nucleic acid sequence (mRNA) Translation = Nucleic acid sequence (mRNA) a sequence of Amino acids (a protein).
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Transcription = Nucleic acid sequence (a gene) an identical copy of the Nucleic acid sequence (mRNA)
So can one base code for one amino acid ex. Can adenosine (the base) code for tryprophan (an amino acid)?
Can two bases?
What about three?
mRNA nucleotides are translated in groups of 3 called codons.
mRNA codonamino acid
DNA sequence: T A C C G A G A T T C A
mRNA sequence: A U GG C UC U AA G U
amino acid sequence: Met -- Ala -- Leu -- Ser