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Establishing a Compliance Assistance Center in Thailand. Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D. Pollution Control Department, Thailand. Outline. PCD Responsibilities State of Surface Water Quality in Thailand in 2006 Regulations & Effluent Standards

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establishing a compliance assistance center in thailand

Establishing a Compliance Assistance Center in Thailand

Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D.

Pollution Control Department, Thailand

  • PCD Responsibilities
  • State of Surface Water Quality in Thailand in 2006
  • Regulations& Effluent Standards
  • Establishment of Compliance Assistance Center in Thailand
  • Overall Plan& Progressfor Pig Farm CAC
  • Challenges & Responses
  • Structure of Thai Pig Farm CAC
  • Outreach Materials of Thai Pig Farm CAC
  • Conclusion
pcd roles and responsibilities
PCD Roles and Responsibilities
  • Make recommendations for the establishment of environmental quality standards and emission/effluent standards,
  • Provide assistance and advice on environmental management,
  • Cooperate with other countries and international organizations on environmental management,
  • Investigate public complaints on pollution,
pcd organization chart

Office of the Secretary

Waste and Hazardous Substance Management Bureau

Water Quality Management Bureau

Air Quality and Noise Management Bureau

Planning Analysis and Evaluation Division

Legal Division

Inspection and Enforcement Division

Environmental Quality and Laboratory Division

PCD Organization Chart


water quality regulations
Water Quality Regulations
  • The Enhancement and Conservation of National Environmental Quality Act , 1992
  • Effluent Standards
  • Ambient Water Quality Standard
regulate pollution point sources
Regulate Pollution Point Sources

Effluent Standards

  • Pig farms
  • Coastal Agriculture
  • Buildings
  • Gas Station and Oil Terminal
  • Housing Estate
  • Industrial Pollution Control Facilities
pig farm effluent standard
PigFarm Effluent Standard

Type A = Large farms : more than 5,000 hogs

Type B = Medium farms : 500 - 5,000 hogs

enforcement status
Enforcement Status

*1 Bangpakong River Basin *2 Thachin River Basin

*3 Orders were issued to farms where effluent samples were collected from the end of pipes outside farm perimeter

enforcement challenges for pig farm
Enforcement Challenges for Pig Farm
  • Limited Budget
  • Limited Staff
  • Lack of Technical Advice
  • Difficulties in Collecting Effluent Sample
rationale for establishing compliance assistance center cac
Rationale for Establishing Compliance Assistance Center (CAC)
  • Increasing Pollution Problems from Pig Farms
    • Wastewater discharges
    • Complaints about odor / wastewater
  • Other Measures to Supplement Law Enforcement
  • Direct Assistance for Pig Farms
center establishment process
Center Establishment Process
  • Establish working group to setup Compliance Assistance Center (CAC)
  • Collect data and conduct need assessment
  • Seminar to gather idea from Stakeholders
  • Lessons learned from developed countries

Center Establishment Process

  • Formulate options for structure of CAC
  • Formulate information package/ outreach materials to distribute via CAC such as website, brochures, manuals, etc.
  • Plan Assistance Activities such as training, technical advice, meetings.

Center Establishment Process

  • Set up pilot center and trial
  • Promote CAC and activities
  • Conduct Activities
  • Evaluate performance to improve CAC
overall plan
Overall Plan
  • 2007 - Studyand plan for Pig farm CAC
  • 2008 - Pilot CAC
  • Study and plan for other CAC
progress in 2006
Progress in 2006
  • Aug, 3-4: Workshop on Developing Compliance Assistance Capabilities
  • Sharing international lessons learned to promote compliance assistance
  • With support from AECEN
green pig farm award 2006
Green Pig Farm Award 2006

First Prize

  • Samphran farm , Nakornpathom Province in Thachin River Basin
  • Award, Certification and cash prize
progress 2007
Progress 2007
  • Establish working group within Pollution Control Department to setup Compliance Assistance Center (CAC)
  • Collect and Study related information
  • Development Pilot Project on CAC using government budget
progress 20071
Progress 2007
  • May, 23 : Workshop on Developing a Compliance Assistance Center in Thachin River Basinwith support from AECEN
site visit
Site visit

Samphran Farm , Nakornpathom Province

in the Thachin River Basin

May, 24 : Workshop on Developing a Compliance Assistance Center in Bangpakong River Basin with support from AECEN
site visit1
Site visit

at Wiwat Farm, Chachoengsao Provincein Bangpakong River Basin

study visit to taiwan
Study visit to Taiwan
  • Representatives from Pollution Control Department, Department of Livestock Development and Swine Association
  • Study Visit to Taiwan farms, slaughter houses, swine association and research institution
  • July 2007, support from AECEN
progress 20072
Progress 2007
  • Planning forsetting up pilot CAC for pig farms
  • Setting up Website
  • Prepare Information Package and Outreach Materials
  • Activities : Seminars and Training
challenges in establishing pig farm cac
Challenges in Establishing Pig Farm CAC
  • Many Stakeholders
  • Stakeholders uncertain of actual benefits
  • Price of the pig
  • No land availability for treatment facilities
responses to challenges
Responses to Challenges
  • Seminars for Stakeholders
  • Gather actual needs from pig farms to plan activities
    • Technical assistance
    • Financial assistance
options for cac office
Options for CAC office
  • No office (virtual center – website only)
  • Pig Farm Association in the basin or
  • Academic Institutions in the basin or
  • Pollution Control Department or
  • Provincial Office of Department of Livestock Development
possible cac staff
Possible CAC staff
  • Manager
  • Engineer / Technical Support from Universities or institutions
  • Coordinator
options for funding
Options for Funding
  • Government Budget
  • Partial Government Budget
  • Self sufficient through subscription or training fees or activities.
e learning


  • Stakeholders’ Participation
  • Enforcement and Assistance


Thank You