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Working Around Concrete Safety 101. By Pat Gazewood . Overview. Exposures & Hazards Statistics What is ph Skin conditions & Long Term Exposures Recognizing exposure & Prevention Protection PPE & Neutralite Safety Solution Working Safely around alkaline & Cements Safely

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overview
Overview
  • Exposures & Hazards
  • Statistics
  • What is ph
  • Skin conditions & Long Term Exposures
  • Recognizing exposure & Prevention
  • Protection PPE & Neutralite Safety Solution
  • Working Safely around alkaline & Cements Safely
  • Hygiene & Family Safety
who is subjected to concrete exposure hazards underground
Who Is Subjected to Concrete Exposure Hazards Underground.
  • Backfill Crews
  • Shotcrete Crews
  • Blast Crews
  • Muck Crews
  • Drillers
  • Bolters
  • Maintenance Personnel
  • Technical Service Group.
  • Basically Everyone
routes of exposure
Routes of Exposure
  • Drilling through
  • Blasting,
  • Mixing and Producing of Cement related Products.
  • Mucking headings & sumps
  • Handling or clean up of spillage.
  • Repair of Concrete related handling equipment.
  • Walking through residual from shotcrete & backfill cycles
routes of exposure to body
Routes of Exposure to Body
  • Skin
  • Inhalation
  • Absorption
  • Ingestion
the nature of cement
The Nature of Cement
  • Cement has many properties which are damaging to skin. Cement is alkaline, or caustic. The pH of wet cement ranges from 12 to 13. Cement is hygroscopic, pulling moisture from the skin. Cement is abrasive. Cement may contain sensitizing chemicals and metals, such as hexavalent chromium (Cr6+)
cement manufacturing
Cement Manufacturing
  • Ground Limestone, Gypsum & other minerals
  • Baked 3000-4000 Deg. F. to make clinker.
  • Repulverized with chrome plated mill balls.
  • Hexavelent Chromium (Cr6+) is produced in the process of making cement.
portland cement products workers
Portland Cement Products Workers
  • More than 1,300,000 American workers in 30 occupations are regularly exposed to wet cement. Their families may be exposed to cement dust on their work clothes
statistics what causes this problem
Statistics, What Causes this problem.
  • Unfamiliar with work environment.
  • Inexperienced in field.
  • Inadequate training.
  • Uninformed.
  • Ego.
individual factors
Individual Factors
  • Individual factors can affect work related skin problems. These include:
  • Preexisting dermatitis
  • Predisposition of sensitivity
  • Knowledge
  • Attitude
  • Personal/work practices
what problems does cement cause
What Problems Does Cement Cause?
  • Four types of skin problems happen most often among cement products workers:
  • Dry skin or irritation (mild ICD)
  • Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD)
  • Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)
  • Caustic burns (alkaline burns)
dry skin or mild irritation mild icd
Dry Skin or Mild Irritation (Mild ICD)
  • Dry skin or irritation may include scaling, burning, and redness.
  • Often manifested as superficial chemical burn.
  • Dry skin may also be called xerosis. Portland cement exposure can lead directly to dry skin or irritation.
irritant contact dermatitis icd
Irritant Contact Dermatitis (ICD)
  • Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) can be acute or chronic. Symptoms may include stinging, pain, itching, blisters, rash, dead skin, scabs, scaling, fissures, redness, swelling, bumps, and watery discharge. Sometimes irritated skin may become infected. Exposure to Portland cement can lead directly to ICD without first causing dry skin.
allergic contact dermatitis acd
Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD)
  • Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an immune response. It is like other allergies but it involves the skin. ACD includes many of the same symptoms as ICD.
allergic contact dermatitis
ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS:
  • Hexavalent Chromium in wet cement may cause allergies in some people. The cumulative effect of daily exposure may take months or years to cause a reaction. Chrome sensitization is irreversible. Sensitized individuals must avoid contact with any cement, wet or dry. Symptoms appear much like chronic irritant dermatitis, with swelling, redness, oozing, cracking, stinging, itching, blisters and scaling.
caustic burns cement burns
Caustic Burns (Cement Burns)
  • Caustic burns (cement burns) are chemical burns.
  • Second or third degree burns may occur after relatively short exposures to fresh mortar, concrete, grout , and other Portland cement products.
  • Cement burns look like other burns. They produce blisters, dead or hardened skin, or black or green skin.
  • Cement burns can lead to allergic dermatitis. In addition, chromate sensitivity can exacerbate the severity of cement burns.
acute irritant dermatitis cement burns
ACUTE IRRITANT DERMATITIS (CEMENT BURNS):
  • Burns can occur within mins. to hrs. of continuous exposure to wet cement.
  • Alkalis burns differ from acid burns. Effects are not felt until over exposed.
is wet cement a big problem
Is Wet Cement A Big Problem?
  • Yes, Wet cement is #1 cause of occupational skin disease in the U.S.
  • Concrete workers lose work at 7 times the national average.
  • Concrete workers report 4 times more lost work days than do all construction workers.
  • 5 to 15% of workers working around Portland cement with CR6+ suffer ACD at rate 25 times of general population
a new model of skin disease
A New Model of Skin Disease
  • Skin Has 2 layers, Epidermis & Dermis
  • The skin is the single largest organ. It covers 20 sq. ft.
  • It has a permeability barrier, if that barrier is interrupted by chemicals it can cause damage to the deepest layers of skin.
it all greek to me so what does all that mean
It all Greek to me?So what does all that mean?
  • Repeated exposure to cements can damage skin. Reducing the skins normal barrier cream.
  • Repeated cleaning of hands with abrasive cleaners or high alkaline based soaps can do likewise.
  • Certain types of hand cleaners and lotions can aggravate or slow the normal skin healing process that can result in delayed healing of the skin.
review what makes wet cement so dangerous
Review: What Makes Wet Cement So Dangerous?
  • Calcium Hydroxide has pH of 12 to 13.
  • Remember wet cement is1 billion times more alkaline then normal skin.
  • 1 Million time more alkaline then water.
how does neutralite work
How Does Neutralite Work?
  • A Buffered Solution that renders wet cement harmless thru chemical change.
  • Cement burns avoided by early application after exposure.
  • Is not a medicine, should not be used as an eye wash.
  • Reduces CR6+ to undetectable levels.
neutralite is to alkalis as water is to fire
NEUTRALITE IS TO ALKALIS AS WATER IS TO FIRE
  • Hexavalent Chromium found in wet cement is water soluble. Therefore it can soak into skin and eventually enter the skin's cells. There it can bind with cell protein and produce an allergic reaction.
  • Neutralite converts Hexavalent Chromium to Trivalent Chromium. Trivalent Chromium is a solid and cannot penetrate skin cells.
  • Neutralite reduces Hexavalent Chromium to undetectable limits in wet cement and greatly reduces the risk of allergic sensitization.
best protective practices
Best Protective Practices
  • Best practices at work.
  • Best practices in emergencies.
  • Best practices at home.
best protective practices at work
Best Protective Practices at Work
  • A WORKER NEEDS 5 TO 7 GALLONS OF CLEAN RUNNING WATER PER DAY
  • PROMOTE HAND WASHING BEFORE PUTTING ON GLOVES AND AGAIN IF GLOVES ARE REMOVED
  • ENCOURAGE HAND DRYING
use of proper ppe
Use of Proper PPE.
  • Gloves and hygiene
  • Impermeable boots.
  • Proper Respirator for application.
  • Regular changing of contaminated clothing.
  • Avoiding prolonged exposure of saturated clothing. Remove contaminated articles quickly after exposure, Don’t work in it all day long.
best protective practices at work cont
REFRAIN FROM LEAVING CEMENT ON SKIN OR CLOTHES

ENCOURAGE LONG SLEEVES

DISCOURAGE JEWELRY AT WORK

ENCOURAGE WORKERS TO CHANGE WORK CLOTHES AT WORK

DISCOURAGE USE OF LANOLIN, PETROLEUM JELLY, AND OTHER SKIN SOFTENING PRODUCTS AT WORK

Best Protective Practices at Work Cont.
best protective practices at work1
Wash with clean water & ph-neutral or mild acidic soap.

Wear correct gloves

Wash and dry hands before putting on gloves

Wash again whenever gloves removed.

Try using a neutralizing buffer spray

Use disposable gloves or clean reusable gloves daily.

No jewelry at work. Long sleeves buttoned or taped inside gloves

Rubber boots with pants taped inside for concrete work.

Never let cement product remain on skin or clothing

Avoid barrier creams

Avoid skin products at work

Change out of work clothes before leaving job site

Report any persistent skin problem to your supervisor & safety department

BEST PROTECTIVE PRACTICES AT WORK
best protective practices at home
BEST PROTECTIVE PRACTICES AT HOME
  • 1. Use pH-neutral or acidic soap at home.
  • 2. Launder work clothes separately
  • Don’t mix work clothes with family during washing.
cement burns
CEMENT BURNS
  • Burns have a delayed reaction typical of alkaline.
  • Burns continue as long as high ph is present. It can burn down to the bone.
  • Flushing with copious amounts of water when exposed.
  • Embrace concept of: “An Ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
best practices in emergencies
Best Practices in Emergencies
  • Dusty clothing or clothing wet with Portland cement fluids should be removed promptly and laundered separately before reuse.
  • Workers must wash wet cement from the skin with clean water and pH-neutral or acidic soap. Workers cannot rely on pain or discomfort to alert them to skin damage
  • If you feel pain, the burning is already happening.
best protective practices at home1
Best Protective Practices at Home
  • pH-NEUTRAL OR ACIDIC SOAPS
  • WASH WORK CLOTHES SEPARATELY FROM FAMILY OR ROOMATES CLOTHING.
a partial list of ph neutral or moderately acidic soaps
Liquid Soaps

Aloe Vera 80

Cetaphil

Dial

Dove

Gillette Wash

Ivory

Jergens

Lever 2000

Neutrogena

Noxema

pHisoderm

Softsoap 

Bar Soaps

Caress

Dove

Oil of Olay

This soap list is advisory only . To obtain reliable information, ask the soap’s manufacturer for an MSDS. A pharmacist can recommend pH-neutral or moderately acidic soaps.

A Partial List of pH-Neutral or Moderately Acidic Soaps
in summary
In Summary
  • Take appropriate PPE protection when working with or around cements.
  • Don’t work for prolonged periods in chemically saturated clothing.
  • Exercise good daily hygiene.
  • Report any chemical burns or cement related dermatitis to Safety & Health Department.
going home safely everyday is our goal

Going Home Safely Everyday is Our Goal

Thanks to NIOSH & Neutralite Safety Solutions for resource information used in this presentation