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Structures of Middle School. Structures of People,Time and Place Teaming Advisory Scheduling. People. Homogenous,heterogeneous grouping (to track or not to track, that is the question) Teaming (2 to 6 person) Grouping alternatives (multiage, looping, school-within-a-school) Advisory

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Structures of Middle School

Structures of People,Time and Place

Teaming

Advisory

Scheduling


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People

  • Homogenous,heterogeneous grouping (to track or not to track, that is the question)

  • Teaming (2 to 6 person)

  • Grouping alternatives (multiage, looping, school-within-a-school)

  • Advisory

  • Advantages/Disadvantages


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Place

  • Classroom environment is very important. It can disrupt or enhance learning.

  • Let’s travel back in time……..

  • Classroom set-up

  • Furniture and materials

  • Access to materials


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Time

  • Scheduling (traditional)

  • 4x4 Block

  • A/B

  • Disadvantages/Advantages

See pages 133-136 for scheduling examples


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Teaming

The Encyclopedia of Middle Grades Education p.251

Teachers can share…

  • the same group of students

  • the responsibility for planning, teaching and evaluating curriculum and instruction in more than one academic area

  • The same schedule

  • The same area of the building


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Teaming

Interdisciplinary- four to five teachers, 100-125 students

Six member teams (150-190 students)

Partner teams – two teachers teach all core subjects, smaller number of (40-75)students

Interdisciplinary vs. partner teams

What are the benefits of team organization for students? teachers?


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Two-Person Team- Advantages

  • Fewer personality conflicts; students and teachers know each other sooner and better


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Two-Person Team-Disadvantages

  • Little team support or backup if one teacher on team is absent


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Three-Person Team – Advantages

  • More support, more diversity, more backup than two person teams

  • More opportunities to group and regroup


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Three-Person Team – Disadvantages

  • Difficulties in agreeing on the common subject to teach


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Four or Five-Person Team – Advantages

  • Ease in grouping and regrouping students for instruction; more flexibility and diversity in scheduling

  • Transition easier to high school organization


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Disadvantages/Advantages of Teams

Four or Five-Person Team – Disadvantages

  • Difficulty in finding convenient planning time

  • Teachers continue to specialize, encouraging tendency to departmentalize



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Team Organization

  • What are the other teachers’ priorities?

  • What do you (teammates) expect from our kids? From me?

  • How do they do things? Why?

  • How will we share responsibilities?


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Governance

Team Identity

Operating Procedures

Communication

Recognition

Curriculum

Accountability

Teacher Efficacy

Team Organization


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Teams Fail When…..

  • Administrator fails to adequately empower the team

  • Lack of trust (honesty, openness, consistency, respect)

  • How the adult team members perceive and identify themselves (limiting themselves, “I’m a math teacher!”)


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Leadership Style Inventory

I Believe I Can Fly!

Why do you think it’s important to know what your leadership style is?


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Welcome to J.A. Middle School

  • You are going to be organized into teams.

  • Your task will be to organize your team following the parts of a team on page 293 in TTFYO or just look at your slide.

  • Once you have organized your teams, you will be confronted with a problem and you must come up with a way to handle it.

  • We will discuss ways your particular team structure helped and/or hurt your situation.

  • Do you think you have an effective team?


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