HUMANITARIAN AID MORALS AND ECONOMICS
GENOCIDE • Any of the following acts committed in order to destroy a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group: • Killing members • Bodily or mental harm • Preventing births in any way
TOTAL AID • 2006…………. 31,389,613,000 • 2007…………. 29,916,040,000 • 2008 request……. 36,186,518,000 • This is your tax money • Would you make the same choice? Total US Foreign aid is less than 1% of GNP
USAID • Federal Independent Aid Agency • Non-Military Aid • Guided by Secretary of State • Origins • President Kennedy Executive Order • Marshall Plan
Purpose • Advance foreign policy goals: • Democracy • Conflict prevention • Humanitarian assistance. • Health • Economic growth, agriculture and trade “…extend a helping hand to those people overseas struggling to make a better life, recover from a disaster or striving to live in a free and democratic country…”
“So who rebuilds Fallujah now that the U.S. military is mopping up its operations and securing the Iraqi city? We do, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Prior to the recent fighting, USAID workers were already in Fallujah working with the district government, moderate sheiks and tribal leaders on 17 projects totaling $2.3 million. (Hopefully, all were spared during the fighting.) Now, as soon as security is in place, USAID in Washington says it will re-enter Fallujah and begin neighborhood cleanups, clinic rehabilitation and municipal building repairs, all the time providing short-term employment to residents who will be returning to the city. Upwards of 250,000 residents fled Fallujah, and USAID has been providing many of them food and relief supplies, such as tents, blankets, mattresses, plastic sheeting, jerrycans, buckets, and hygiene and health kits. “-John McCaslin
Humanitarian Aid Organizations • Teachers Without Borders • Engineers Without Borders • Doctors Without Borders • Words Without Borders • Lawyers Without Borders • USAID • PeaceCorps
“Education For All” • UN initiative An education provided for every child in the world. • Teachers Without Borders • Estimated 104 million children do not have any schooling • 50% live in conflict countries • 50 million teachers worldwide
Doctors Without Borders • First on scene in conflict countries • Distributing water and food • Surgery, epidemics, basic healthcare Baghdad: 12 hours to see a doctor
Peace Corps • President Kennedy Students waited 2 hours in the cold to hear him speak • Challenged college students to devote 2 years helping others. • Birth of Peace Corps
Quote Analysis Questions • Quotations are used all the time on tests. • Here are a few helpful hints: • Who is the author? Anyone you recognize? • Even the basics help sometimes • What are they trying to say? • Every quote given has a purpose • What is the end purpose of this quote?
Try it on this…. • I'd like to share a revelation that I've had, during my time here. It came to me when I tried to classify your species. I realized that you're not actually mammals. Every mammal on this planet instinctively develops a natural equilibrium with the surrounding environment, but you humans do not. You move to an area, and you multiply, and multiply, until every natural resource is consumed. There is another organism on this planet that follows the same pattern. A virus. Human beings are a disease, a cancer of this planet, you are a plague, and we are the cure. • Agent Smith, The Matrix
“How many of you who are going to be doctors, are willing to spend your days in Ghana? Technicians or engineers, how many of you are willing to work in the Foreign Service and spend your lives traveling around the world? On your willingness to do that, not merely to serve one year or two years in the service, but on your willingness to contribute part of your life to this country, I think will depend the answer whether a free society can compete. I think it can! And I think Americans are willing to contribute. But the effort must be far greater than we have ever made in the past.” -President Kennedy
Peace Corps • Established March 1, 1961 • 187,000 Volunteers so far • Serving 139 countries • Mission: Helping people in other countries while also promoting a better understanding of Americans. • What does “a better understanding” mean?
Since 1946 more than 300 billion in aid around the world How does this influence decisions made in other countries? Is the aid we give based on economics? Or morals?