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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e. Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst. Dr.Oz. Stress soothers Oz Cab Stress and Weight Gain Stress Proof Your Body in 5 Steps De-Stress Plan One minute to better health (wellness challenge). Biopsychological Domain.

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Thinking about psychology the science of mind and behavior 2e

Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior 2e

Charles T. Blair-Broeker

Randal M. Ernst


Dr oz
Dr.Oz

  • Stress soothers

  • Oz Cab

  • Stress and Weight Gain

  • Stress Proof Your Body in 5 Steps

  • De-Stress Plan

  • One minute to better health (wellness challenge).





Stress

Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress


Teens stress
Teens & Stress

  • In your group, list the three most stressful things teens deal with daily.

  • List some explanations as to why these things happen and why they are stressful.


Optimism pessimism
Optimism & Pessimism

  • Were your suggestions for “why these things happen” and why they are stressful (the attributions) optimistic or pessimistic?

  • Optimistic thinking empowers people to seek ways to change stressful situations and pessimistic thinking sees no way out of a stressful circumstance.


Stress1
Stress

  • The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

  • Is a process of perceiving and responding

  • The response is called a stress reaction.


Stress2
Stress

  • Play “Emotions, Stress and Health” and “Stress: Locus of Control”

  • http://www.learner.org/resources/series142.html

  • Dr.Oz (stress and meditation)

  • http://www.doctoroz.com/press


Health psychology
Health Psychology

  • A subfield of psychology that focuses on how stress affects our well being and health


Stress responding to stress

Stress:Responding to Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress





Hans selye 1907 1982 sell yay
Hans Selye (1907-1982)Sell-yay

  • Psychologist who researched recurring responses to stress the he called the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)

  • Discovered various chemicals caused stress reactions in animals


General adaptation syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome

  • Sylye’s concept of the body’s adaptive response to stress in three stages

    • Alarm

    • Resistance

    • Exhaustion


General adaptation syndrome1
General Adaptation Syndrome

  • Alarm Reaction – nervous system activated in response to stressor

  • Resistance – body responds with physiological reactions to cope with the stressor

  • Exhaustion – body’s resistance to stress is depleted (physical deterioration)





Thinking about psychology the science of mind and behavior 2e


Stress stressful events

Stress:Stressful Events

Module 12: Effects of Stress


Daily stress
Daily Stress

  • Stress can be caused by:

    • Typical demands of the day

    • Living situations

    • Economic difficulties


Burnout
Burnout

  • Physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress

  • Burnout can result in:

    • Depression

    • Decreased performance

    • Cynicism


Significant life changes
Significant Life Changes

  • Stress can be the result of personal life changes

    • Death of a loved one (risk of dying in the week after your spouse dies doubles!)

    • Leaving home for college

  • Can result in health problems


Catastrophes
Catastrophes

  • Large scale stress events (i.e. earthquakes, floods, war, etc.)

  • Prolonged exposure can lead to physical and psychological problems.

  • 44% of Katrina-related deaths in Alabama were related to stress.


Effects of perceived control

Effects of Perceived Control

Module 12: Effects of Stress


Perceived control
Perceived Control

  • The sense of control or influence one has over stressful events in one’s life

  • Most studies suggest the lower the perceived control the larger the potential for health-related problems

  • Lower perceived control leads to a lowered immunity to disease.


Control and stress
Control and Stress

  • Play “Coping with Stress: Control and Predictability” (2:49) Module #22 from The Brain: Teaching Modules (2nd edition).


Optimism
Optimism

  • A generally positive outlook on the future

  • Optimists have stronger immune systems and recover faster from health problems.

  • Opposite of pessimism


Stress hormones
Stress Hormones

  • Hormones released in response to stress

  • The body must work to rid the body of the stress hormones.

  • Pessimism and perceived lack of control both produce more stress hormones.


Stress and disease cancer and stress

Stress and Disease:Cancer and Stress

Module 12: Effects of Stress


Stress cancer connection
Stress-Cancer Connection

  • Evidence for a connection is not conclusive.

  • Two conclusions:

    • Stress does not create cancer cells.

    • Stress affects the body’s malignancy- fighting ability.


Cognition and cancer
Cognition and Cancer

  • Play “Cognition and the Immune System: Mind/Body Interaction” (10:20) Segment #4 from The Mind: Psychology Teaching Modules (2nd edition).


Stress and disease stress and heart problems

Stress and Disease:Stress and Heart Problems

Module 12: Effects of Stress


Type a
Type A

  • Term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone.

  • More prone to heart attacks and other stress related illnesses.


Type b
Type B

  • Individuals who are easygoing, relaxed people