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Warm Up Identify all the real roots of each equation. PowerPoint Presentation
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Warm Up Identify all the real roots of each equation.

Warm Up Identify all the real roots of each equation.

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Warm Up Identify all the real roots of each equation.

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  1. Warm Up Identify all the real roots of each equation. 1. 4x5 – 8x4 – 32x3 = 0 2. x3 –x2 + 9 = 9x 3. x4 + 16 = 17x2 4. 3x3 + 75x = 30x2

  2. Objectives Use the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra and its corollary to write a polynomial equation of least degree with given roots. Identify all of the roots of a polynomial equation.

  3. You have learned several important properties about real roots of polynomial equations. You can use this information to write polynomial function when given in zeros.

  4. 2 3 Example 1: Writing Polynomial Functions Write the simplest polynomial with roots –1, , and 4. If r is a zero of P(x), then x – r is a factor of P(x). Multiply the first two binomials. Multiply the trinomial by the binomial.

  5. Huddle Write the simplest polynomial function with the given zeros. –2, 2, 4 If r is a zero of P(x), then x – r is a factor of P(x). Multiply the first two binomials. Multiply the trinomial by the binomial.

  6. 2 3 Mastery Write the simplest polynomial function with the given zeros. 0, , 3

  7. Notice that the degree of the function in Example 1 is the same as the number of zeros. This is true for all polynomial functions. However, all of the zeros are not necessarily real zeros. Polynomials functions, like quadratic functions, may have complex zeros that are not real numbers.

  8. Using this theorem, you can write any polynomial function in factor form. To find all roots of a polynomial equation, you can use a combination of the Rational Root Theorem, the Irrational Root Theorem, and methods for finding complex roots, such as the quadratic formula.

  9. Example 2: Finding All Roots of a Polynomial Solve x4 – 3x3 + 5x2– 27x – 36 = 0 by finding all roots. The polynomial is of degree ____, so there are exactly _____ roots for the equation. Step 1 Use the rational Root Theorem to identify rational roots. p = –36, and q = 1.

  10. Example 2 Continued Step 2 Graph y = x4 – 3x3 + 5x2– 27x – 36 to find the real roots. Find the real roots at or near ____ and _____.

  11. Example 2 Continued Step 3 Test the possible real roots. Test –1. The remainder is 0, so (x + 1) is a factor.

  12. Example 2 Continued The polynomial factors into (x + 1)(x– 4)(x2 + 9) = 0. Step 4 Solve x2+ 9 = 0 to find the remaining roots. The fully factored form of the equation is (x + 1)(x – 4)(x + 3i)(x – 3i) = 0. The solutions are ____, ____, _____, _____.

  13. Huddle Solve x4 + 4x3 – x2+16x – 20 = 0 by finding all roots. The polynomial is of degree ___, so there are exactly ____ roots for the equation. Step 1 Use the rational Root Theorem to identify rational roots. p = –20, and q = 1.

  14. Huddle Step 2 Graph y = x4 + 4x3 – x2+ 16x – 20 to find the real roots. Find the real roots at or near ____ and ____.

  15. Huddle Step 3 Test the possible real roots. Test –5. The remainder is 0, so (x + 5) is a factor. Test 1 in the cubic polynomial. The remainder is 0, so (x – 1) is a factor.

  16. Huddle The polynomial factors into (x + 5)(x– 1)(x2 + 4) = 0. Step 4 Solve x2+ 4 = 0 to find the remaining roots. The fully factored form of the equation is (x + 5) (x – 1)(x + 2i)(x – 2i) = 0. The solutions are ____, ____, _____, _____.

  17. Example 3: Writing a Polynomial Function with Complex Zeros Write the simplest function with zeros 2 + i, , and 1. Step 1Identify all roots. By the Rational Root Theorem and the Complex Conjugate Root Theorem, the irrational roots and complex come in conjugate pairs. There are _____ roots: ______, ______, _____, _____, _____. The polynomial must have degree ______.

  18. Example 3 Continued Step 2Write the equation in factored form. Step 3Multiply.

  19. Huddle Write the simplest function with zeros 2i, , and 3. 1+ 2 Step 1Identify all roots. By the Rational Root Theorem and the Complex Conjugate Root Theorem, the irrational roots and complex come in conjugate pairs. There are ____ roots:___, ____, ___, ____, ___. The polynomial must have degree ____.

  20. Huddle Step 2Write the equation in factored form. Step 3Multiply.

  21. 1 Understand the Problem Example 4: Problem-Solving Application A silo is in the shape of a cylinder with a cone-shaped top. The cylinder is 20 feet tall. The height of the cone is 1.5 times the radius. The volume of the silo is 828 cubic feet. Find the radius of the silo. The cylinder and the cone have the same radius x. The answer will be the value of x. • List the important information: • The cylinder is ________ tall. • The height of the cone part is _________________. • The volume of the silo is _____________.

  22. Make a Plan 1 Vcone = x2h and Vcylinder = x2h . 3 2 Write an equation to represent the volume of the body of the silo. V = Vcone + Vcylinder Set the volume equal to 828.

  23. 3 Solve The graph indicates a positive root of _____. Use synthetic division to verify that ___ is a root, and write the equation as (x – 6)( x2 + 23x + 138) = 0. The radius must be a positive number, so the radius of the silo is ________. 1 2 Write in standard form. Divide both sides by .

  24. Look Back 4 Substitute 6 feet into the original equation for the volume of the silo.

  25. 1 Understand the Problem Huddle A grain silo is in the shape of a cylinder with a hemisphere top. The cylinder is 20 feet tall. The volume of the silo is 2106 cubic feet. Find the radius of the silo. The cylinder and the hemisphere will have the same radius x. The answer will be the value of x. • List the important information: • The cylinder is __________. • The height of the hemisphere is _____. • The volume of the silo is ______________.

  26. Make a Plan 4 1 Vhemisphere = ( r3) and Vcylinder = x2h . 3 2 2 Write an equation to represent the volume of the body of the silo. V = Vhemisphere + Vcylinder Set the volume equal to 2106.

  27. 3 Solve The graph indicates a positive root of _____. Use synthetic division to verify that ___ is a root, and write the equation as (x – 9)( x2 + 26x + 234) = 0. The radius must be a positive number, so the radius of the silo is _______. 2 3 Write in standard form. Divide both sides by .

  28. Look Back 4 Substitute 9 feet into the original equation for the volume of the silo.

  29. Lesson Quiz: Part I Write the simplest polynomial function with the given zeros. 1. 2, –1, 1 2. 0, –2, 3. 2i, 1, –2 4. Solve by finding all roots. x4 – 5x3 + 7x2 – 5x + 6 = 0

  30. 4 3 Lesson Quiz: Part II 5. The volume of a cylindrical vitamin pill with a hemispherical top and bottom can be modeled by the function V(x) = 10r2 + r3, where r is the radius in millimeters. For what value of r does the vitamin have a volume of 160 mm3?