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Differences in Health and Social Indicators by Dalit and Non- Dalit women Findings from the Final Evaluation of the Nepal CRADLE CS Project. Parini M. Shah Child Survival Intern. Outline. Background Research Question Methods Results Conclusions Recommendations. Background.

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Differences in Health and Social Indicators by Dalit and Non-Dalit womenFindings from the Final Evaluation of the Nepal CRADLE CS Project

Parini M. Shah

Child Survival Intern



Research Question






Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for 75% of the population and accounting for 38% of the GDP (NDHS 2006).

As of 2010, 86% of the population is rural, and many communities remain remote (CIA).

41% are under age 15 and 13% are under age 5 and only 4% is over the age of 65 (NDHS 2006).


More than one-third of households reported that at least one household member had traveled away from the home in the 12 months before the survey (NDHS 2006).

Men are three times as likely as women to have migrated, and two-thirds of men had been away for at least six of the last twelve months (NDHS 2006).


Nepal has an extensive caste system which is still in place today

Caste groups are differentially treated, with the lowest caste groups suffering the most in terms of health and poverty

Dalits are the lowest caste in Nepal


According to the International Labor Organization in 2005, 12.82% of the Nepali population is Dalits.


  • As part of the final evaluation March 2011 documentation process for the CRADLE project:

    • 660 recently delivered women

    • 123 Dalit women

    • 537 non-Dalit women

  • 30-cluster sampling design

    • ward was the cluster

  • Cross Sectional

  • Conducted in the Doti and Kailai of the Far Western Region

  • Results

    A very significant difference between literacy in the Dalit and non-Dalit caste women, where 62.6% of Dalit women were illiterate, while only 34.7% were illiterate in all of the other caste groups (p= <0.001)

    No difference in nutrition or feeding practices between Dalit and non-Dalit women

    No difference in place of delivery between Dalits and non-Dalits


    Dalit women and non-Dalit women facing similar issues.

    Families with migrants also show more home births and lower use of family planning.

    The high levels of illiteracy in Dalits can serve as barriers to accessing health care or other health affecting services


    Largely health indicators for Dalitand non Dalitsmaternal and child health are the same.

    The data analysis showed differences in health indicators by migration status, which may also differentially affect Dalit and non-Dalit women’s health. This should be further studied.