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Making a Presentation. Research Methods and Data College of Advancing Studies Brendan A. Rapple. Preparation. No one is a born speaker. Important to practice as much as possible. Prepare a script. Good idea to practice in front of a mirror. Preparation (cont.).

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making a presentation

Making a Presentation

Research Methods and Data

College of Advancing Studies

Brendan A. Rapple

  • No one is a born speaker.
  • Important to practice as much as possible.
  • Prepare a script.
  • Good idea to practice in front of a mirror.
preparation cont
Preparation (cont.)
  • Check out the venue and equipment in advance.
  • If possible, send any PowerPoint, video etc. to the instructor (organizer, convener etc.) in advance.
preparation cont4
Preparation (cont.)
  • Find out how much time has been allotted to you?
  • Don’t go over the time.
  • 14 minutes MAXIMUM is allotted for this class
  • Do you leave extra time for questions & answers?
  • Who is the audience?
  • Should you provide hard copies of your presentation?
  • Know precisely who your audience is.
  • What level of knowledge do they have?
  • Say something to capture their attention straightaway.
  • Talk to the audience (not the visual aid).
  • What do you want your audience to believe and to remember?
  • Your talk should have
      • A beginning
      • A middle
      • An end
  • Omit anything from your presentation that you are unsure about.
  • Important that the audience remembers your ending – it should have impact.
an old teaching strategy
An Old Teaching Strategy
  • Tell the audience what you are going to tell them.
  • Then, tell them.
  • Finish by telling them what you’ve just said.
the kiss principle
The KISS Principle
  • Keep It Simple, Stupid!
visual aspect if using powerpoint
Visual Aspect (if using PowerPoint)
  • If you are not using PowerPoint or another visual aid, keep notes/outline handy.
  • But if you are using a visual aid . . . . . .
    • Make sure the presentation is loaded and that it works!!
    • Simplicity is usually best – too many animation effects can be distracting and alienating.
    • Carefully choose background, layout, fonts, colors.
    • Pictures, diagrams, links to web can add attraction.
Keep slides relatively spare – don’t crowd them.
  • Don’t read the text word for word.
  • Don’t use all capitals – they’re difficult to read and to some they indicate anger.
  • Must be a logical, coherent flow between slides.
bad slide
Bad Slide
  • It’s a study that seeks to understand the mysteries of existence and reality.
  • It tries to discover the nature of truth and knowledge and to find what is of basic value and importance in life.
  • Philosophy is thus a form of inquiry.
  • It’s a process of analysis, criticism, interpretation, and speculation.
  • The term philosophy itself comes from the Greek philosophia, which means love of wisdom.
  • Ancient Greeks were the first known western philosophers -- about 500 bc.
  • They sought answers about the nature of the world and “reality”.
  • Formerly, people had largely relied on magic, superstition, religion, tradition, or authority.
  • Non-Western Philosophy: long history in China and India.
  • Western philosophy generally developed independently of Eastern philosophy.

Political Philosophy

Examines the nature and possible arguments for various competing forms of political organization, such as:

        • laissez-faire capitalism,
        • welfare democracy (capitalistic and socialistic),
        • anarchism,
        • communism,
        • fascism, etc.

Business Ethics

Explores such questions as

    • how moral obligations may conflict with the profit motive and how these conflicts may be resolved.
    • the nature and scope of the social responsibilities of corporations, their rights in a free society, and their relations to other institutions.
another bad slide
Another Bad Slide
  • Libraries hold much more than just books:
    • Digital resources, journals, sound and video recordings, newspapers, maps, government documents, DVD’s, etc.
  • Point the user to the world of global information
    • Not limited to what is physically in the building
    • Online resources help open up access to the global world
  • Libraries acquire, organize and make accessible information in traditional and digital formats
  • Collections can often be accessed remotely
more tips
More Tips
  • The following site from ARMA International has some excellent advice on creation on creating PowerPoint presentations:


Don’t !

  • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style
  • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style
  • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style
  • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style
use a template
Use a Template
  • Use a set font and color scheme.
  • Differentstylesaredisconcertingto theaudience.
  • You want the audience to focus on what you present, not the way you present.
avoid these combinations

Don’t !

Avoid These Combinations
  • Examples:
    • Green on Blue
    • Dark Yellow on Green
    • Purple on Blue
    • Orange on Green
    • Red on Green


Remember: Readability! Readability! Readability!

This is a good mix of colors. Readable!

This is a bad mix of colors. Low contrast.


This is a good mix of

colors. Readable!

This is a bad mix of

colors. Avoid bright

colors on white.



Graphics and Charts

Don’t !

Avoid using graphics that are difficult to read. In this example, the bright colors on a white background and the small font make the graph hard to read. It would be very difficult to see, especially in the back of a room.



Don’t !

This graph contains too much information in an unreadable format.



Do !

Good Graph

These are examples of

good graphs, with nice

line widths and good


charts and graphs23

Do !

Charts and Graphs


Mode A



Mode B



Mode C









more bad slides
More Bad Slides

The following seven slides have been borrowed from:

The above presentation has a lot of good tips.


How’s this?

Diagram 1: Life cycle of the Frog


And how about now?

Diagram 1: Life cycle of Xenopus sp.


Isn’t this better?

Effects of Caffeine on Test Scores

Note: Red indicates data with a significant p-value

spell check
Spell Check
  • Its essenttial that yyou usse the spel-checker to locatte any silly typoos or mispellinggs.
  • It gives a baad impresion to see baad speling in a pressentation.
pace yourself
Pace Yourself
  • Pace yourself well – make sure that you keep to the allotted time.
  • This means that you should rehearse!
finish strong
Finish Strong
  • Finish with a good conclusion that helps the listeners remember your talk.
final points
Final Points
  • Be entertaining!
  • Voice and body language can be as important as content.
  • Keep the audience engaged.
  • Appear confident and professional.
  • Be enthusiastic.
Nervousness is good! Makes one prepare better.
  • Always keep within the allotted time: 14 minutes MAXIMUM is allotted for this class
  • Make sure that your conclusions are conveyed.
  • Avoid excessive detail, complexity.
  • Give credit when appropriate.