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Unit3 Career Planning. Objectives: Learn the new words and expressions related to career. Get to know the step of career planning. Know how to write application form and application letter. Part1 Preparation. Synonyms of “Job”: job – regular paid employment

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unit3 career planning
Unit3 Career Planning
  • Objectives:
  • Learn the new words and expressions related to career.
  • Get to know the step of career planning.
  • Know how to write application form and application letter.
part1 preparation
Part1 Preparation

Synonyms of “Job”:

job – regular paid employment

business – trade and the getting of money

trade – an occupation, esp. one needing special skill with hands

labor —work, esp. is hard or heavy

occupation – a job; employment职业,固定工作,指“职业”的一般用词

e.g. -- lose one’s ~

-- What’s your father’s ~ and yours?

career– a job or profession for which one is trained and which one intends to do for the whole of one’s life. (作为终身的)职业

e.g. – He made the Church his career.

profession – a form of employment, esp. one that is respected, honorable, for and educated person training in some special branch of knowledge, such as law, medicine, and the Church. 职业,专业(尤指需要高等教育和特殊训练的人)(professional, amateur athlete)

e.g.– He is a lawyer by ~.

task – a piece of esp. difficult work

What are they?

-- look at the pictures in ex.1 and figure out the occupations of the people.

1)director 2) surgeon

3)stewardess(steward)/ air hostess( air host)

4)pilot 5)cook/chef 6)conductor 7)lawyer

8)receptionist 9)policeman 10)butcher

11)doctor/physician 12)auto-repairman

13)scientist/chemist 14)nurse

procedures and requirements
Procedures and requirements
  • 1. Decide what kind of job you would hunt for. Reference:After-class PI+II, Ex.2
  • 2. Know how to write a resume and an application letter. Some suggestions.
  • 3. Write your own resume and application letters to at least two companies listed in the script. Model: Ex. 6, (Real name, please)
  • 4. Get your resume and application letter ready for Monday class. (check and modify on Monday)
  • 1. Interviewers will ask you some questions, take notes of what you do, and give a reply.
  • 2. The interviewers’ notes and reply will decide whether you can get a reward. For example, if you pass the interview, you will be rewarded. If no notes can tell your interview experience, you will get….
Application Form

Job___ Name___

Sex: Male___ Female___

Age___ Nationality___

Marital Statue: Married___ Single___

Address___________ Phone Number_________

Education Second School___

Technical School___


Work Experience _______________________

Skills _______________________

Hobbies& Interests______________________


for interviewers
For Interviewers
  • 1. Job Ads. (translate from Chinese to E)
  • 2. Prepare Posters or Signs.
  • 3. Job Ads must be ready for Monday class.(check and modify).
  • 4. During the interview, ask questions, collect application letters and resumes, take notes, and give a reply.
  • 4. When it is over, sort out all the materials including the reply and then hand in.
Ten professions & P143, your choice:
  • The lawyer
  • The accountant
  • The scientist
  • The physicist
  • The economist
  • The civil engineer 土木工程师
  • The electrical engineer 电子工程师
  • The mechanical engineer 机械工程师
  • The sales representative 销售代表
  • The estate agent 房地产经纪人
Oral practices:

Pair work– What factors will influence you in choosing a job?

personal interests, salary, opportunity for promotion, working hours, working conditions, contribution to the society, the opinions of other people, personality etc.

part3 in class reading
Part3 In-class reading

Language points:

  • “follow”(l.1)– adhere to
  • “place weight on”(l.1~2)– lay emphasis on
  • “estimating”(l.4) v./n. – judge or calculate the approximate size, cost, value etc. of sth.

e.g.– They ~d that the company will go bankrupt within two years.

-- The number of people who applied for the course was 120 compared with an initial estimate of between 50 and 100.

estimation n.– one’s opinion of the value, nature of sb. or sth.

e.g.– He was, in my ~, not capable of doing the job.

4) “courses of action”(l.4)– steps of action

5) “cite”(l.7)– quote

6) “the work force”(l.9)– employee/applicant

7) “flaw”(l.13)– mistake, error

8) “challenging information”(l.16)– unfavorable information

9) “demonstrate”(l.16)– show

10) “stake”(l.19) n./v. — risk

v. a) risk money on a race or competition

e.g.– William staked his whole fortune on one card game.

b) risk losing sth. valuable or important(~ sth. on sb. or sth.)

e.g.– The president is ~ing his reputation on these trade talks.

11) “that”(l.19)– refers to the previous clause “complacency is appropriate… at stake”.

12) “confront”(l.21)& “face”(l.70)

confront– to face, meet or deal with (a difficult situation or person)

face– to (cause or be forced to) recognize, think about, accept or deal with (a problem or difficulty)

13) “resorting to”(l.22) v. –求助于,诉诸与

n. – a) person or thing turned to for help

e.g. – Our only ~ is to inform the police.

b) recourse 诉诸,求助

e.g.– Congress has a responsibility to ensure that all peaceful options are exhausted before ~ing to war.

c) popular holiday center 度假胜地

e.g. – In recent years, this little town has grown into a fashionable ~.

d) as a last ~/ in the last ~ 作为最后的手段/凭借

e.g. – Nuclear weapons should be used only as a last ~.

- In the last ~ we can always walk home.

14) “implications”(l.23)– potential effects

15) “rationalization”(l.23)—文过饰非

16)“examining alternatives”(l.25~26)– thinking about chances or possibilities

17) “hypervigilance”(l.27)– to be excessively worried

-- hypercritical, hyperactive, hypersensitive, etc.

18) “overlooking”(l.29)– neglecting

19) “time blocks”(l.46)– various phases

20) “take stock of”(l.52)– examine

21) “downward”(l.63)– to a lower level

22) “stigma of instability”(l.65)—不安分的罪名

23)“Ignorance… is not bliss.”(l.78)—

“Ignorance is bliss”– If you stay ignorant, you’ll be happy.

Useful Expressions:

career planning—


follow routine or logical steps—


place weight on—


gather information—


estimate the probable outcomes—


be at stake—


defensive avoidance—


resort to wishful thinking or daydreaming—


search frantically for career possibilities—


seize on hastily invented solutions—


overlook the consequences—


work out contingency plan—


crystallize your thinking—


new insights into your possibilities—


take stock of your situation—


downward movement—


career shifts—


ignorance is bliss. --


  • Assignment
  • Task1 – work in groups to write a “Want Ad.” according to the example in the textbook.
  • Task2 prepare an application form
after class reading
After-class reading
  • Questions for Passage1
  • What are the procedures for looking for a summer job?
  • Why is it important to find a summer job?
part 4 further development
Part 4 Further Development
  • Interpreting ProverbsLooking for a job
  • Simulated Interview

Step1 Work in groups to design several interview questions based on the “want ad.” prepared before.

Step2 Each group elects 2 members to be simulated interviewers, the others pretend to be applicants and can choose any companies they are interested in to have an interview, and they should show their application forms to the interviews. Then the interviewers can ask questions and choose the right people for their companies.

Debate – Is it good for university students to do part-time jobs?
  • Writing – write an application letter to the company you have just gone for interview according to the example.
  • Quiz