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Latin and Greek. Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots. UNIT. I. PREFIX. d e-. a way d own remove, reduce Ex. defrost, debug, deflate. PREFIX. re-. again back, backward Ex. react, recognize, return. SUFFIX. - tion. state of q uality of Ex. action, direction, irritation. UNIT.

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latin and greek

Latin and Greek

Prefixes,

Suffixes,

and Roots

slide3

PREFIX

de-
  • away
  • down
  • remove, reduce
  • Ex. defrost, debug, deflate
slide4

PREFIX

re-
  • again
  • back, backward
  • Ex. react, recognize, return
slide5

SUFFIX

-tion
  • state of
  • quality of
  • Ex. action, direction, irritation
slide7

PREFIX

dis-
  • not
  • opposite of
  • Ex. disagree, disinterested, disable
slide8

PREFIX

un-
  • not
  • to reverse an action
  • Ex. unkind, unceasing, undo
anthrop

ROOT

anthrop
  • human
  • man
  • Ex. anthropology, philanthropic,

misanthrope

slide10
UNIT

III

slide11

PREFIX

anti-
  • against
  • Ex. antibiotic, anti-smoking,

anticlimactic

slide12

ROOT

aqua
  • water
  • Ex. aquatic, aquarium, aqueduct
slide13

ROOT

auto
  • self
  • Ex. automobile, autobiography,

autograph

astro

ROOT

astro
  • star; outer space
  • Ex. astronaut, astronomy, asteroid
slide16

ROOT

bi
  • two
  • Ex. bicycle, biped, biplane
biblio

ROOT

biblio
  • book
  • Ex. bibliophile, bibliography, Bible
slide19

ROOT

bio
  • life
  • Ex. biology, biography, biome
cardio

ROOT

cardio
  • heart
  • Ex. cardiology, cardiogram,

cardiovascular

slide21

ROOT

carn
  • flesh
  • Ex. carnivore, reincarnate, incarnate
circu

ROOT

circu
  • around
  • Ex. circuitous, circus, circumference
chron

ROOT

chron
  • time
  • Ex. chronological, synchronize, chronical
slide25

ROOT

cogn
  • knowledge
  • Ex. cognitive, recognize, incognito
slide26
UNIT

VII

contra

PREFIX

contra-
  • against
  • Ex. contrast, contradict, contralto
counter

PREFIX

counter-
  • opposing, against
  • Ex. counteract, counterattack,

counterproductive

slide29

ROOT

corp
  • body
  • Ex. corporation, corporeal, corpse
slide30
UNIT

VIII

slide31

ROOT

cred
  • believe
  • Ex. credible, incredible, credits
slide32

ROOT

derm
  • skin
  • Ex. dermatologist, epidermis, dermatitis
slide33

ROOT

dict
  • say
  • Ex. dictate, dictionary, contradict
slide34

PREFIX

eu-
  • good
  • Ex. euphemism, eulogy, eurphoria
slide36

SUFFIX

-ic
  • of; relating to
  • Ex. academic, historic, horrific
slide37

PREFIX

in-
  • not
  • Ex. independent, inexcusable,

insubordinate

slide38

PREFIX

epi-
  • on; above
  • Ex. epidemic, epicenter, epilogue
slide40

PREFIX

endo-
  • inside; within
  • Ex. endorse, endontics, endoplasmic
slide41

PREFIX

ex-
  • outside; away from; former
  • Ex. exclude, excommunicate, exhibit
extra

PREFIX

extra-
  • outside; beyond
  • Ex. extraterrestrial, extrovert,

extraordinary

slide44

ROOT

fin
  • end
  • Ex. finish, finite, refine, finale
slide45

ROOT

gen
  • birth, race
  • Ex. genetic, genesis, generate,

genealogy

slide46

ROOT

giga
  • billion
  • Ex. gigabyte, gigabit, gigahertz,

gigantic

slide47
UNIT

XII

graph

ROOT

graph
  • write
  • Ex. paragraph, biography,

photograph, polygraph, graphite

slide49

ROOT

hemi
  • half
  • Ex. hemisphere, hemiplegia,

hemidemisemiquaver

slide50

PREFIX

kilo-
  • thousand
  • Ex. kilogram, kilobyte, kilometer
slide51
UNIT

XIII

m ono

PREFIX

mono-
  • one
  • Ex. monarchy, monocle, monogamy
slide53

ROOT

mort
  • death
  • Ex. mortician, mortify, mortuary
m ulti

PREFIX

multi-
  • many
  • Ex. multitask, multiply,

multimillionaire

slide55
UNIT

XIV

slide56

PREFIX

neo-
  • new
  • Ex. neonatal, neophyte, neoblastic
slide57

PREFIX

nano-
  • very small
  • Ex. nanosecond, nanotechnology,

iPod Nano

slide58

ROOT

nat
  • birth
  • Ex. nativity, nature, native
slide60

ROOT

nova
  • new
  • Ex. novel, innovative, novice
slide61

ROOT

nul
  • nothing
  • Ex. nullify, annulment, null and void
ology

SUFFIX

-ology
  • study of
  • Ex. biology, kinesiology, theology
slide63
UNIT

XVI

slide64

ROOT

phil
  • love
  • Ex. philanthropist, bibliophile,

Philadelphia

p ed pod

ROOT

ped/pod
  • foot
  • Ex. pedestrian, podiatrist, pedal
penta

PREFIX

penta-
  • five
  • Ex. pentagon, Pentacost, Pentateuch
slide67
UNIT

XVII

slide68

PREFIX

a-/an-
  • not; without
  • Ex. anarchy, anonymous, atheist,

apathetic

ism ist

SUFFIX

-ism/-ist
  • an action, practice, or condition/ one who holds with actions, practices, or conditions
  • Ex. Catholocism, hair stylist,

anachronism

slide70

SUFFIX

-ous
  • possessing; full of
  • Ex. porous, superfluous, generous
slide71
UNIT

XVIII

phobia

ROOT

phobia
  • fear
  • Ex. arachnophobia, claustrophobia, abluthophobia

agoraphobia, chorophobia, enetophobia, gynophobia, aulophobia, linonophobia, hematophbia, glossophobia, gymnophobia, lunaphobia, pedophobia, novercaphobia, metrophobia, pantophobia, triskadekaphobia, pogonophobia, pteronophobia, xanthophobia

slide73

ROOT

phon
  • sound
  • Ex. telephone, homophone,

Francophone

photo

ROOT

photo
  • light
  • Ex. photograph, photogram,

photosynthesis

slide75
UNIT

XIX

phyte

SUFFIX

phyte
  • a plant with a specified character/habitat
  • Ex. hydrophyte, zoophyte, neophyte
slide77

ROOT

poli
  • city; government
  • Ex. metropolis, police, necropolis,

Indianapolis

slide78

ROOT

poly
  • more than one; many
  • Ex. polytheism, polygamy,

polynomial, polyglot

units
UNITS

XX-XXI

slide80

ROOT

port
  • carry
  • Ex. portable, export, support
slide81

PREFIX

pre-
  • before
  • Ex. precaution, prefix, prejudice
slide82

PREFIX

post-
  • after
  • Ex. postpone, posterior, posthumous
slide83

PREFIX

pro-
  • forward; before; for
  • Ex. progress, promote, pronoun; prologue, prophecy, improvise; pro-life/pro-choice
units1
UNITS

XXII-XXIII

scrib script

ROOT

scrib/script
  • write
  • Ex. scribe, scribble, prescription,

subscription

scope

ROOT

scope
  • see
  • Ex. microscopic, telescope, horoscope
slide87

PREFIX

semi-
  • half (different from bi- !)
  • Ex. semicircle, semiannual,

semiconcious

slide88

ROOT

somn
  • sleep
  • Ex. insomniac, somnolent,

somnambulate

slide89
UNIT

XXIV

slide90

ROOT

soph
  • wise
  • Ex. sophomore, sophisticated,

philosopher

spect

ROOT

spect
  • see
  • Ex. circumspect, spectacles, inspect
slide92

ROOT

rupt
  • break
  • Ex. interrupt, rupture, bankrupt
hetero

ROOT

hetero
  • different
  • Ex. heterogeneous, heterophonia,

heteromorphic

slide94
UNIT

XXV

slide95

ROOT

hex
  • six
  • Ex. hexagon, hexadactylism,

hexasyullabic

hydro

ROOT

hydro
  • water
  • Ex. hydroplane, dehydrated,

hydrophilia

hyper

ROOT

hyper
  • over; above
  • Ex. hyperactive, hypercritical,

hypertension

slide98

ROOT

tri-
  • three
  • Ex. triangle, tripod, trimester
slide99
UNIT

XXVI

uni mono

PREFIX

uni-/mono-
  • one
  • Ex. unilateral, unity, universe;

monologue

sesqui

PREFIX

sesqui-
  • one and one half (1 ½ )
  • Ex. sesquicentennial
duo bi

PREFIX

duo-/bi-
  • two
  • Ex. duet, duplicate, duel,

doppelgänger; bicycle

tri terti

PREFIX

tri-/terti-
  • three
  • Ex. triceps, triceratops; tertiary
quad quart tetra

PREFIX

quad-/quart-/ tetra-
  • four
  • Ex. quarter, quart, quadruple, quad,

quartet; tetris

quint penta

PREFIX

quint-/penta-
  • five
  • Ex. quintuplet, quinquegenarian,

quintessential; pentagon

sexa sext hex

PREFIX

sexa-/sext-/ hex-
  • six
  • Ex. sextuplet, sexagenarian; hexapod
septem hepta

PREFIX

septem-/hepta-
  • seven
  • Ex. September, septennial;

heptarchy, heptagram

slide108

PREFIX

octo-
  • eight
  • Ex. October, octagon, octopus
novem nona

PREFIX

novem-/nona-
  • nine
  • Ex. November, nonagon,

nonagenarian

decem deca

PREFIX

decem-/deca-
  • ten
  • Ex. December, decahedron, decade,

decathlon

slide111
UNIT

XXVII

hyper1

PREFIX

hyper-
  • over
  • Ex. hyperactive, hypersensitive,

hyperbole

slide113

PREFIX

hypo-
  • under
  • Ex. hypothermia, hypochondriac,

hypotenuse

inter

PREFIX

inter-
  • between; amongst
  • Ex. intercede, interstate, interlude
intra

PREFIX

intra-
  • within
  • Ex. intravenous, intrastate,

intramural

hetero1

PREFIX

hetero-
  • different
  • Ex. heterogeneous, heterodox,

heterochromatic

slide117

PREFIX

homo-
  • same
  • Ex. homo sapiens, homogenous,

homonym

slide118
UNIT

XXVIII

slide119

SUFFIX

-itis
  • inflammation; disease
  • Ex. arthritis, bronchitis, tendonitis
slide120

ROOT

logo
  • word; speech
  • Ex. prologue, dialogue, logogram
slide121

PREFIX

mis-
  • bad; wrong; hate
  • Ex. misbehave, mischievous,

miserable, misogynist

slide122

PREFIX

mal-
  • bad; evil
  • Ex. malcontent, malicious,

maleficent, malignant,

malevolent, malapropism

slide123
UNIT

XXIX

mania

ROOT

mania
  • addiction to; obsession with
  • Ex. kleptomania, pyromania,

egomaniacle

phobia1

ROOT

phobia
  • fear
  • Ex. mysophobe, arachnophobia
slide126

ROOT

theo
  • God; a god
  • Ex. theology, monotheism, atheist,

Dorothy

metro

PREFIX

metro-
  • mother
  • Ex. metropolis, metro
slide128
UNIT

XXX

micro

PREFIX

micro-
  • small
  • Ex. microscope, microphone,

microcosm

macro

ROOT

macro-
  • large
  • Ex. macrofossil, macrocosm,

macrostructure

slide131

PREFIX

mini-
  • small
  • Ex. miniskirt, minimal, diminish
slide132

PREFIX

mega-
  • large
  • Ex. megabyte, megalomaniac,

megabucks

slide133
UNIT

XXXI

slide134

PREFIX

sub-
  • under
  • Ex. submerge, subconscious,

submissive, subcutaneous,

subdivision, subdue, subterfuge

super

PREFIX

super-
  • over
  • Ex. supernatural, superfluous,

supersede, superhuman, superior,

supercilious

trans

PREFIX

trans-
  • across
  • Ex. transport, transcend, transmit,

transparent, translate

slide137

PREFIX

tele-
  • far
  • Ex. telephone, telescope, telegram,

telepathic, telekinesis

later

PREFIX

later-
  • side
  • Ex. lateral, equilateral, unilateral,

collateral

slide139

PREFIX

lat-
  • carry
  • Ex. translate, superlative, relative
slide140
UNIT

XXXII

slide141

ROOT

tort
  • twist
  • Ex. contort, distort, extortion,

torture

slide142

ROOT

tox
  • poison
  • Ex. toxic, antitoxin, intoxicated,

toxicity

vid vis

ROOT

vid/vis
  • see
  • Ex. video, evident, provide, invisible,

revise, supervise, visit

vita viv

ROOT

vita/viv
  • life
  • Ex. vital, vitamin, survive, revive,

vivid, vivacious

slide145
UNIT

XXXIII

mit mis

ROOT

mit/mis
  • send
  • Ex. transmit, admit, remit, submit,

emit, mission, missile, missive

slide147

ROOT

bene
  • good
  • Ex. beneficial, benefactor, beneficiary,

benign, benevolent

belli

ROOT

belli
  • war
  • Ex. belligerent, rebellion, antebellum,

bellicose, casus belli

hemo hema

ROOT

hemo/hema
  • blood
  • Ex. hemoglobin, hemorrhage,

hemophiliac, hematoma

slide150

ROOT

gam
  • marriage
  • Ex. monogamy, bigamy, polygamy
slide151

ROOT

gyn
  • woman
  • Ex. gynecentric, gynarchy,

gynecologist, gynecophobia,

androgynous, gynoid