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Basic Firefighting PowerPoint Presentation
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Basic Firefighting

Basic Firefighting

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Basic Firefighting

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Basic Firefighting The foundation for everything firefighting task you perform

  2. Incident Priorities Life Safety - Including the lives of firefighters and civilians Incident Stabilization - Put the fire out, get the patient out of the vehicle, etc. Property Conservation

  3. Tactical Priorities What are the activities that need to be accomplished? RECEO VS Rescue Exposure Confinement Extinguishment Overhaul Ventilation Salvage

  4. Size Up This is the 13 point size up used to assist fire officers and firefighters prior to and arrival upon a working fire. COAL WAS WEALTH Street Conditions Weather Exposures Area and Height Location & Extent Of Fire Time of Day Hazardous Materials Construction Occupancy Apparatus Life Safety Hazard Water Supply Appliances

  5. What side of the building are you on? D A The street side of the building usually gets the A side designation

  6. Stages Of A Fire Incipient Stage - Early stage of the fire where fire is contained to area of origin. Fire may be controlled with water can. Growth Stage - Stage of fire where fuel and oxygen is plentiful. Hot gases from the products of combustion begin to accumulate in the room. Flashover is a major danger in this stage. Fully Developed Stage - Entire contents of the room have been consumed, including fuel and oxygen. Temperatures in excess of 1200 degrees. Decay Stage - Fuel has been consumed along with oxygen. Can still have high heat and possibility of backdraft is great.

  7. Types Of Attack Direct Attack - Most efficient use of water, where water is put directly on the burning fuel. Indirect Attack - Use of a fog stream through a window to cool gases and possibly the fuel. Done from a safer spot outside of structure Combination - Using the fire stream in either a circular or z pattern to cool both the gases and hit the fuel of the fire directly.

  8. Dangerous Fireground Conditions BACKDRAFT FLASHOVER FLAMEOVER/ROLLOVER

  9. FLAMEOVER/ROLLOVER

  10. FLASHOVER

  11. BACKDRAFT Puffing Smoke Yellow-Gray Smoke Darkened Windows Walls Too Hot to Touch Rattling Windows Dull Orange Glow or Visible Fire Hot Unbroken Glass

  12. READING SMOKE Three Reasons Why We Read Smoke 1. Determine how much fire 2. Location of fire 3. Possible collapse

  13. REMEMBER! Smoke is a fuel and can ignite or explode

  14. 4 Key Points To Read • Volume • Velocity (Pressure) • Density • Color

  15. THE END