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Designing tools for enhanced monitoring of railway safety performance of the European Union and its Member States. Vojtech EKSLER & Cecilia LIND Safety Unit. Part I: Introducing SMS for Europe. Introduction (1). “You cannot manage what you cannot measure.” Kelvin, Kaplan

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Vojtech eksler cecilia lind safety unit

Designing tools for enhanced monitoring of railway safety performance of the European Union and its Member States

Vojtech EKSLER & Cecilia LIND

SafetyUnit


Vojtech eksler cecilia lind safety unit

  • Part I: performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Introducing SMS for Europe


Introduction 1
Introduction (1) performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • “You cannot manage what you cannot measure.”

  • Kelvin, Kaplan

  • …so you cannot improve what you cannot monitor.

  • Railway safety management in Europe has been evolving into a three management layer system (Railway Undertakings, National Safety Authorities, ERA) with each having distinct responsibilities.

  • Tools for each levels are needed for effective management.


Introduction 2
Introduction (2) performance of the European Union and its Member States

Safety monitoring through outcomes:

Fatal train collisions and derailments per billion train-km in the EU


Introduction 3
Introduction (3) performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

  • Less than ten fatal train collisions and derailments per year at EU level.

  • With continuous improvement in railway safety, relying on accident data becomes unsustainable.

  • Difficult to improve the system with accident data only (reactive approach).

  • EU and national regulators rely on analytical approaches that is only one element of system approach to safety.


Sms for europe 1
SMS for Europe (1) performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Concept of an SMS applied until now only at the operators’ level to be extended to national (MSs) and supranational (EU) level.

  • Hazards are not always limited geographically and sometimes their identification may only be possible when considering relevant data available across the EU.

  • SMS for Europe should add value, not replace the existing system at national level.


Sms for europe 2
SMS for Europe (2) performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • First building blocks of the European SMS:

  • EU/National safety plans

    • Enabling legal framework currently under discussion with MSs

  • Common database of occurrences

    • Top-level occurrences to be mandatory shared at EU level, lower-level occurrences reported in a harmonized way

  • Enhanced monitoring

    • Enhanced monitoring of outcomes and system monitoring (regulatory regime).


Enhanced monitoring
Enhanced monitoring performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Two parts: Outcomes monitoring and regulatory regime monitoring

I

II


Enhanced monitoring of outcomes
Enhanced monitoring of outcomes performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Current legal framework for outcomes reporting in the EU

  • Based on a study for ERA by TRL (UK)


Vojtech eksler cecilia lind safety unit

  • Part II: performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Monitoring regulatory regime performance


Understanding risk regulation regimes
Understanding risk regulation regimes performance of the European Union and its Member States


Theoretical basis
Theoretical basis performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Stems from modern management theories, notably Stewhart’s cycle for continuous improvements and quality control

  • Other sources: ISO standards, safety management in othersectors, studyby DNV for ERA


The regulatory monitoring matrix
The Regulatory Monitoring Matrix performance of the European Union and its Member States


Levels of performance
Levels performance of the European Union and its Member Statesofperformance


Example of application 1
Example of application performance of the European Union and its Member States(1)


Example of application 2
Example of application performance of the European Union and its Member States(2)

2.1 Establishment and responsibilities


Areas for use
Areas for use performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • Prioritise ERA tasks

  • Input to safety analysis (trends)

  • Voluntary health checks of individual MSs

  • Input to work-streams and missions

  • Impact assessments


Timing
Timing performance of the European Union and its Member States

  • PART I:

  • New legal framework in 2014

  • Preparatory works ongoing

  • PART II

  • Currently running a pilot with 5 countries

  • Evaluation by summer 2014


Thank you for your attention
Thank performance of the European Union and its Member Statesyou for your attention!

  • Contact:

  • Vojtech.EKSLER@era.europa.eu

  • +33 (0)3 27 09 65 75

  • Cecilia.LIND@era.europa.eu

  • +33 (0)3 27 09 67 38

  • http://www.era.europa.eu/Core-Activities/Safety/Pages/Home.aspx