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Unit 1 - Safety Orientation

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  1. Unit 1 - Safety Orientation Handout: Survival Checklist, NFES 2389, Fireline Handbook 410-1

  2. Safety Orientation Objectives • Define Safety: • Identify potential hazards and explain the proper safety procedures to follow. • Explain what the LCES (Lookouts, Communications, Escape Routes, and Safety Zones) system is and why it is important. • Begin exposure to the FIRE ORDERS and Watch Outs

  3. Within your squads, discuss: • Environmental Hazards • Biological Hazards • Equipment Hazards • Vehicle Hazards • Aircraft Hazards • Fire Environment Hazards • Human Related Hazards • Base/Camp Hazards

  4. Hazards from Snags • From 1986 to 1992 there were 14 safety incidents involving snags • All 14 resulted in firefighter fatalities • One fatality, Missionary Ridge Fire, 2002

  5. LCES’s • Lookouts • Communications • Escape Routes • Safety Zones

  6. Lookouts • A lookout is one of the more experienced members of your group in a position to observe you and the fire • Needs to have his/her own escape route/safety zone

  7. Communications • Info from lookouts, weather, command, and nearby units is useless if you cant get it in a timely manner • Radios are preferred, but runners, cell-phones, hand signals will work if necessary

  8. Escape Routes • It is very important to understand the route you will take to get to safety • Be realistic about your escape routes, and just assume that you will have to use them

  9. Is this an escape route?

  10. Safety Zones • A safety zone is an area where you can be safe from the effects of the fire without protective equipment • Safety zones need to be large enough for your entire group • The burn can be used as a safety area AS LONG AS IT IS “GOOD BLACK”

  11. Safety Zones • THIS IS NOT GOOD BLACK! • You are looking at a part of a burned area that still has unburned fuel • This can easily burn again

  12. Deployment Zones • These are not safety areas. They are spots where you can deploy a fire shelter and reasonably expect to survive • THAT FIRE SHELTER IS YOUR LAST RESORT!

  13. Situational Awareness • Keeping constantly alert about your envoirment is essential • Keep track of both the fire and nearby units, understand what is happening • Keep a good handle on updated weather information • Never be afraid to ask questions