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William Shakespeare. Playwright and Poet. William Shakespeare. Birthplace – Stratford-on Avon, England Born in 1564, around April 23 He was the 3 rd of 8 children. John Shakespeare. William’s father A shopkeeper and glove maker A well-respected man who also served as town mayor.

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William Shakespeare


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  1. William Shakespeare Playwright and Poet

  2. William Shakespeare • Birthplace – Stratford-on Avon, England • Born in 1564, around April 23 • He was the 3rd of 8 children

  3. John Shakespeare • William’s father • A shopkeeper and glove maker • A well-respected man who also served as town mayor

  4. Mary Arden • Shakespeare’s mother • Was from a respectable, wealthy family The Arden Home

  5. Young William • He attended grammar school and studied Latin • No record of further formal education Shakespeare’s Grammar School

  6. Young William • He was introduced to drama when traveling players came to town and performed in the hall Grammar School and Town Hall

  7. Anne Hathaway • Shakespeare’s wife • She was eight years older than him • William married her when he was 18

  8. Shakespeare’s Children • His first child, Susanna, was born a year into his marriage • He also had twins, Judith and Hamnet • Hamnet, his only son and namesake, died

  9. Shakespeare’s Career • He moved to London in 1586 • His wife and children remained in Stratford • He became the stage manager of The Theater • He joined Lord Chamberlain’s Men London

  10. Drama • Shakespeare wrote 37 plays

  11. Types of Plays • Comedy – a light-hearted play that ends on a happy note • Examples include: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Taming of the Shrew, Much Ado about Nothing

  12. Types of Plays • Tragedy – a play that involves the ruin of a lead character through a tragic flaw • Examples include: Macbeth, Othello, and Romeo and Juliet

  13. Types of Plays • History – about the history of English kings • Examples include: King Henry the Sixth, Parts I, II, and III

  14. Poetry • Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets (14-line poems with a certain rhyme scheme) • He also wrote two long narrative poems

  15. Retirement • Shakespeare returned to Stratford in 1612 and retired to New Place • He died on April 23, 1616 New Place

  16. First Folio • Shakespeare’s first written publication • Published in 1623 • The works were collected by two friends, John Heminge and Henry Condell • Both were mentioned in Shakespeare’s will

  17. Romeo and Juliet • Probably written in 1595 • Based on The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet • Written in 1562 by Arthur Brooke • This was based on older, Italian stories

  18. Romeo and Juliet • Story is set in Verona, Italy, late 15th century • Takes place in five days, Sunday through Friday • Wants to show the speed, intensity, and rashness of young love

  19. Romeo and Juliet • Two households are feuding • Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet fall in love

  20. Romeo and Juliet • Themes • Old hate vs. young love • Destructive power of consuming love

  21. Romeo and Juliet • Atmosphere • Passionate • Swift • Rash • Tragic