BACTERIA. WHAT IS BACTERIA – a single celled organism that is a prokaryote THREE BASIC SHAPES OF BACTERIA ARE ROD-LIKE SPHERICAL SPIRAL. SHAPES OF BACTERIA CHOLERA. SHAPES OF BACTERIA GONORRHEA. SHAPES OF BACTERIA MENINGITIS. STRUCTURE OF BACTERIA. CELL WALL CELL MEMBRANE CYTOPLASM
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ARCHEABACTERIA –live in extreme environments, ex. Hot springs, acid, intestines, mud, sewage
EUBACTERIA – in your body, useful or harmless to you,
Asexual/binary fission – Reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that is identical to the parent. MITOSIS?
Sexual/conjugation – one bacterium transfers its genetic material into another bacterium.
Figure 13 page 196 in your book
FOOD – Autotrophs and heterotrophs
RESPIRATION – process of breaking down food to release energy. Most need oxygen, some do not.
ENDOSPORE FORMATION – when conditions are unfavorable for growth. In order to survive these conditions bacteria need to form endospores, a small, rounded, thick walled, resting cell that form inside a bacterial cell.
Can resist freezing, heating, and drying
FUEL – Natural gas, Bacteria produce the methane gas used for fuel
FOOD – Bacteria help make certain foods buy giving the food its flavor and structure.
Example – cheese, yogurt, apple cider, olives, sauerkraut
ENVIRONMENT – Recycling, act as decomposers
Cleanup – breakdown oil and dangerous chemicals
INCLUDES DISEASES SUCH AS THE FOLLOWING: