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DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY. PROF. DR. DOINA COZMAN. PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT FACTORS: babies. I. Imprinting – derived from ethology Holding: mother ’ s function development of attachment Social learning of emotions (see children raised without a mother/attachment figure).

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development of personality

DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY

PROF. DR. DOINA COZMAN

personality development factors babies
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT FACTORS: babies
  • I. Imprinting – derived from ethology
  • Holding: mother’s function development

of attachment

  • Social learning of emotions (see children raised without a mother/attachment figure)
slide3
II. INFANCY
  • Family, parental diad (the father figure emerges)
  • Grandparents
  • Siblings

III. CHILDHOOD

  • family
  • Peers, school group

IV. ADOLESCENCE

  • Distancing from parental models, even rejecting them
  • Social models emerge (friends, movie stars, teachers etc.)

V. YOUNG ADULT

  • Biological maturation and personality maturation do not overlap
  • The role of the professional group
  • The role of community emerges
biopsychotypology

BIOPSYCHOTYPOLOGY

PROF. DR. DOINA COZMAN

slide5
I. DEFINITIONS
  • 1. MEDICAL TYPOLOGY: the actual reactivity of the patient, correlations between individuals, metabolic specificities, emphasizing on the dynamics of the subject – environment relationship. The “type” provides the essential, while the individual is rich in phenomenons Allport :”typology is half way towards individuality”
  • 2. CONSTITUTION: permanent and essential elements (physical and psychological traits) – reactivity, phenotype and person
  • 3. BIOTYPOLOGIES: they postulate correlations between physical habitus and important psychological features – even since Hyppocrates and ancient astrology
slide6
ANTIQUITY

HYPPOCRATES:

  • APOPLECTIC TYPE
  • PHTISIC TYPE

GALENUS: types:

  • SANGVINIC
  • CHOLERIC
  • MELANCHOLIC
  • PHLEGMATIC

These are all words with a Greek origin, connecting a certain physical appearance with a specific tendency towards behaviours and illnesses

biopsychotypologies
BIOPSYCHOTYPOLOGIES

CLASIFICATION

  • 1. Morphological criterion -MORPHOTYPES (Hyppocrates)
  • 2. Psychophysiological criterion (Sheldon;Pavlov: activated and inhibited CNS activity)
  • 3. Psychological criterion (Freud, Jung, Schneider)
  • 4. Mixed types (Kretschmer)
kretschmer
KRETSCHMER
  • Psychiatric observations combined with comprehensive body measurements
  • 1. LEPTOSOM (ASTHENIC) TYPE: thin oval face, thin body, long and flat chest; psychologically ambivalent, enigmatic, aloof, abstract thinkers who keep to themselves; they tend to develop schizophrenia
  • 2. PICNIC TYPE: round head and face, short neck, round chest and stomach, short limbs; sociable, communicative, alternating between sadness and joy
  • 3. ATHLETIC TYPE: tall, well-built and proportioned body; quiet and with little imagination;
  • 4. Dysplastic type: somatic dismorphisms; rigid, adhesive, impulsive.
sheldon
SHELDON

He was an endocrinologist, therefor he clasified types according to embrionary origin of organs:

  • 1. Endomorph variable (INTERNAL ORGANS) → VISCEROTONY
  • 2. Mesomorph variable (MUSCLES) → SOMATOTONY
  • 3. Ectomorph variable (CNS) → CEREBROTONY
freud
FREUD
  • For Freud development meant sexual development, and types meant stages of libido (sexual impulse) development
  • 1. ORAL
  • 2. ANAL
  • 3. URETHRAL
  • 4. PHALIC
  • 5. GENITAL= MATURE
slide11
JUNG
  • Jung was a disciple of Freud, who distanced himself and defined types according to the pattern of relationship with the exterior:
    • INTROVERTED TYPE
    • EXTRAVERTED TYPE
    • AMBIVERT TYPE
  • IRRATIONAL TYPES:
  • 1. PERCEPTIVE
  • 2. INTUITIVE
  • RATIONAL TYPES:
  • 3. AFFECTIVE
  • 4. REFLEXIVE
clinical typology kurt schneider
CLINICAL TYPOLOGY: KURT SCHNEIDER
  • T. Hypertymic
  • T. Depressive
  • T. Fanatic
  • T. Sensitive
  • T. Affectionless
  • T. Labile
  • T. Attention-seeking
  • T. Anankastic
  • T. Weak-willed
  • T. Asthenic