Healthy Babies are Worth the Wait®:Preventable Preterm Births Katrina Thompson, BS, MSW State Director Of Program Services March of Dimes Kentucky Chapter Kadamsemail@example.com
A Collaborative Partnership The “Prematurity Prevention Partnership”: • March of Dimes • Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute • Kentucky Department for Public Health Kentucky Chapter Professional Organizations (ACOG, AAP, AWHONN) Kentucky Perinatal Leaders
Healthy Babies are Worth the Wait® • Prevent “preventable” preterm births in target areas of Kentucky • Three-year Initiative (2007-2009) in partnership with Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Institute and Kentucky Department for Public Health • Evidence-based interventions -clinical -public health • Focus on late preterm birth (34-36 weeks) • Targets both perinatal providers and childbearing women • System of collaboration between clinical and public health leadership
Interventions “Bundled” Evidence-Based Interventions Linked elements of clinical care, public health and consumer education: • Consumer Awareness and Education • Health literacy in context of prenatal care • Community outreach • Professional Continuing Education • Grand Rounds & Training • Public Health Intervention • Augmenting existing services for case management, screening & referral • Clinical Intervention in Prenatal Period • Standard clinical guidelines (folic acid, smoking cessation, progesterone) • Patient safety
What Pregnant Women Can Do to Help Prevent Preterm BirthMessages for pregnant women (and women of childbearing age) • Some preterm births—especially late preterm—could be prevented if all pregnant women: • Get early, regular prenatal care • Quit smoking or at least cut back and avoid secondhand smoke • Avoid all alcohol • Take folic acid daily before, during and between pregnancies • Pay careful attention to good nutrition and eat a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables • Gain only the weight recommended by your health care provider • Receive timely and appropriate treatment for existing medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, thyroid disease, addictions, and all infections including STIs • Take good care of their teeth--brush, floss, and visit a dentist regularly • Try to avoid stress and ask for help from their health care provider or support person to manage stressful situations in your life • Question the reason to schedule any delivery before 39 weeks unless there are medical reasons for an early delivery • Avoid elective induction or elective cesarean delivery including cesarean delivery on maternal request before 39 weeks • Talk to their doctor if you have a history of spontaneous preterm labor or birth and are carrying a single baby about possible receiving progesterone to help prevent another preterm delivery
What Communities Can Do to Help Prevent Preterm Birth Messages for the community • Preterm birth has consequences for many facets of our communities, including school systems, employers and insurers • Make preventing preterm birth a priority in each community, as it will result in healthier babies, children, future parents and less chronic disease in all residents • Visit and use materials from the Healthy Babies Are Worth the Wait website www.prematurityprevention.org • Do not smoke around pregnant women, babies or children • Host a Healthy Babies Are Wroth the Wait Prematurity Prevention awareness session where participants learn about preterm birth and how they can help to make a difference in their community • Raise awareness of services and resources available to pregnant women and their families from the local clinical sites and the health department • Work together on this leading public health problem as everyone can make a difference for the health of families in Kentucky
Barriers (due to dynamic conditions contributing to preterm birth) • high rates of high risk factors (such as smoking, abuse of pain medication/oxycodone, illicit drug use, stress, infections, obesity) • significant changes in the culture of childbearing by pregnant women (scheduling deliveries, CDMR) • significant changes in obstetrical management with more inductions, cesareans and other procedures contributing to higher rates of iatrogenic late preterm birth • changes in health care delivery systems, reimbursement structures and a litigious environment for obstetrical care • These barriers are being overcome by successful implementation of the components of HBWW and with the close collaboration and guidance of key leadership in clinical, public health and communications/media. A focus on patient safety protocols is being implemented in year 2.
Consumer Survey: Methodology Snapshot KAB (knowledge, attitudes, beliefs/reported behaviors) survey • 39-item core questionnaire • 14-item optional supplement Questions from PRAMS, BRFSS, and MOD surveys Original questions specific to needs of HBWW interventions Focus groups and pilot testing Anonymous, voluntary, convenience sampling Analysis done in SPSS® WHO? Pregnant women presenting for prenatal care WHAT? Questions assessing KAB regarding pregnancy and childbirth WHERE Intervention and comparison sites (clinics, centering classes, private offices) WHEN? January-May, 2007
RESULTSBaseline consumer surveys English: 91.8% Spanish: 8.2%
Obstetrical-Related FactorsHBWW Consumer Survey Respondents Of the 24% of pregnant women who had a previous preterm birth, 13% reported that their providers had discussed progesterone with them in their current pregnancy. Of women in their 3rd trimester, 66% reported that their hcp had discussed the signs and symptoms of preterm labor with them.
Prematurity KAB • 79% could give an acceptable answer on how to explain prematurity to a friend • Causes of preterm birth? • High risk conditions (38%) • High risk behaviors (25%) • Stress (9%)
Periconceptional Vitamin Use by Women of Childbearing Age Percent HBWW Consumer Survey 2007
Behavioral Risk Factors:Smoking by Women of Childbearing Age Percent 38% of respondents reported that at least 1 smoker lived in their home HBWW Survey www.marchofdimes.com/peristats
Other Risk Factors for Preterm Birth Percent HBWW Consumer Survey, 2007
Cesarean Delivery KAB 30 35 33 Percent HBWW Consumer Survey, 2007
Goal: reduction of singleton PTB rate by 15% in Intervention Sites • Reduction of singleton LPTB rate • Reduction in elective inductions and sections conducted prior to 39 weeks gestation • Increase in baby’s average days of gestational age and birth weight • Reduction in neonate’s length of hospital stay • Reduction in hospital cost / charges associated with preterm births • Positive change in consumer and provider knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding PTB More information: www.prematurityprevention.org
Singleton Preterm Birth Rates by Hospital of Delivery, Kentucky, 2004 Source: KY Dept pf Health Prepared by the March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center, 2007
Take Home Message-You Can Prevent Some Preterm Births The overall message is that despite years of research and programs to attempt to reduce preterm birth, the rates continue to rise reaching an all time high of 12.7% for the US and 15% for KY in 2005. However, since most of this increase is due to the rising rates of late preterm birth (34-36 weeks) a thorough understanding of contributing modifiable risk factors and an innovative program to address local issues driven by timely local information can begin to reduce these seemingly run away rates and in doing improve health by decreasing morbidity and mortality for infants, children and ultimately adults.
“Because this is a real-world model, and focuses on education and enhancing existing systems of care, we anticipate that it will be feasible to implement the lessons learned statewide. We are confident this initiative will improve the lives of mothers and babies.” Dr. Ruth Ann Shepherd Director, Adult and Child Health Improvement Kentucky Department for Public Health
March of Dimes Late Preterm ResourcesConsumer BrochureWhy the Last Weeks of Pregnancy CountProvider BrochuresLate-preterm Brain Development Card Buy 2 packages of Why the Last Weeks of Pregnancy Count (#37-2209-07) and get 1 free package of the Late-preterm Brain Development Card (#37-2229-07). The promotion expires on 12/31/08 and the promotion code is NACHWEB08. Call 1-800-367-6630 Describes a baby’s growth and development and tells women why it’s important not to schedule an induction or c-section before 39 wks of pregnancy Teaching tool for providers to use with pregnant women. Illustrates the differences in brain development at 35 and 40 weeks of pregnancy