Six major reasons for victory • 1. The Americans were fighting for their own soil, homes and freedom. • 2. The Americans were superior wilderness fighters. • 3. Superior leadership: Washington, George Rogers Clark, Nathanael Greene, John Paul Jones.
4. Notable foreign volunteers: Marquis de Lafayette, Baron de Kalb, Baron von Steuban, Count Pulaski, and Thaddeus Kosciusko. • 5. France, Spain and Holland enter the struggle against Great Britain. • 6. Within England, public opinion was divided. ( William Pitt and Edmund Burke)
Results of Revolution Winds of change
Movement toward democracy • Lessening of some voting restrictions. • Elimination of primogeniture. • Virginia Declaration of Rights. (1776) • Gains in the fight for separation of church and state. • Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom (1786). • Movement against slavery.
More ... • Women’s gains. • “Civic virtue”. Who taught the children? • “Republican motherhood” Elevated women as the keepers of the nation’s conscience.
State constitutions • Became the models for later documents. • Followed the ideas of Montesquieu. • Legislative branch usually had sweeping powers.