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Sustainable Management Metropolia, Business Ethics IP week. 5 Poverty & Development. Hans Rosling. For interesting data on poverty and development http://www.gapminder.org Hans Rosling TED presentations. Assignment 4.

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hans rosling
Hans Rosling
  • For interesting data on poverty and development
  • http://www.gapminder.org
  • Hans Rosling TED presentations
assignment 4
Assignment 4
  • Visit Hans Rosling Gapminder site www.gapminder.org and load the gapminderworld software.
  • Compare Finland, USA, China and Kenya on
    • CO2 emissions; which country emits most CO2 in total, and per capita?
    • Tax Revenues (% of GDP)
    • Battle deaths per 100.000 people
    • Internet users per 100 people
    • Water withdrawal (cu meters per person)
    • Improved sanitation, overall access (%)
  • Explain the differences you find.
poverty development initiatives
Poverty & Development Initiatives

1985

Live Aids concert performed

1987

World Commission on Environment and Development publishes Our Common Future (Gro Harlem Bruntlant Report)

1960

International Development Organization created

1942

Oxfam Founded

1990

UN Human Development Index launched

2002

Bottom of the Pyramid concept introduced

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

00

05

2008

Make Poverty History and Live 8

1965

United Nations Development Program Founded

1945

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development Founded

1997

UN Human Poverty Index launched

2000

UN Millenium Development Goals launched

brundtland report 1987
Brundtland Report (1987)
  • Major Proposals
    • Reviving growth
    • Changing the quality of growth
    • Meeting essential needs for jobs, food, energy, water and sanitation
    • Ensuring a sustainable level of population
    • Conserving and enhancing the resource base
    • Reorienting technology and managing risks
    • Merging environment and economics in decision making
agenda 21 rio 1992
Agenda 21 (Rio 1992)
  • Outcomes of Rio
    • Convention on Biological Diversity
    • Framework Convention on Climate Change
    • Principles of Forest Management
    • Agenda 21
    • The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
millennium goals ny 2000
Millennium Goals (NY 2000)
  • 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • 3. Promote gender equality and empower woman
  • 4. Reduce child mortality
  • 5. Improve maternal health
  • 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • 8. Develop a global partnership for development
un and business
UN and Business
  • Business at the heart of development
  • State failure: human rights, environment,

corruption, disease, poverty, etc., etc.

  • Globalization: companies confronting these issues
  • Enlightened self-interest to care:

societal expectations

risk management

business opportunities

  • Sustainable societies and markets for all
convergence
Convergence

Business

United Nations

Values

Development

Prosperity

Peace

bottom of the pyramid1
Bottom of the Pyramid
  • Concept of C.K. Prahalad
  • 4 billion people at bottom of economic pyramid, with income less then $ 1.500 PPP
  • Can be seen as a latent market of goods and services
  • Aggregated there is a huge potential
bottom of the pyramid2
Bottom of the Pyramid
  • Removal of poverty penalty (=high prices due to, local monopolies, inadequate access, poor distribution, strong traditional intermediaries)
  • Find access to BOP market (urban easier than rural areas)
  • Create capacity to consume (e.g. single serve packaging)
bottom of the pyramid3
Bottom of the Pyramid
  • Three A’s
    • AFFORDABILITY (single serve package)
    • ACCESS (high intensity of distribution)
    • AVAILABILITY (consumption when capacity is there)
bop market requirements
BOP market requirements
  • Innovative
  • High price performance
  • Conserving resources
  • Focus on functionality
  • Deskilled work / operation
  • Education of customers
  • High performance / endurance
critique on bop
Critique on BoP
  • By co-author Stuart Hart
    • Too many same products at lower prices, no new approach
    • environmental unsustainable products and services “dumped” on BoP market
    • Poor are not just consumers, should be considered as partners in mutual learning