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Participles Lesson 57. pp. 388-391 2012/2013. What are participles?. Participles are adjectives that are made from verbs. “Verbal adjectives.” The running man. (run) The lost money. (lose) The girl about to jump . (jump)  Latin uses 1 word here instead of 3!. You already know….

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participles lesson 57

ParticiplesLesson 57

pp. 388-391

2012/2013

what are participles
What are participles?
  • Participles are adjectives that are made from verbs.
  • “Verbal adjectives.”
  • The running man. (run)
  • The lost money. (lose)
  • The girl about to jump. (jump)  Latin uses 1 word here instead of 3!
you already know
You already know…
  • PPP’s: Perfect Passive Participles
  • The 4th principal part of a verb.
  • Translated “having been verbed” or “verbed”
  • amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus: lose
  • amissus: having been lost, “lost”
  • Pecuniaamissa: the lost money
participle tenses and voices
Participle Tenses and Voices
  • Present Active Participle: verbing
  • Perfect Passive Participle: having been verbed
  • Future Active Participle: about to verb
slide6

Participle chart

amo, amare, amavi, amatus: love

declining participles
Declining Participles
  • Participles that end in –us/-a/-um use the same old 1stand 2nd declension charts you’ve known and loved since Latin I. 
      • MFN
  • -us -i-a -ae-um -a
  • -i -orum-ae -arum -i -orum
  • -o -is -ae-is -o -is
  • -um -os-am -as -um -a
  • -o -is -ā -is -o -is
declining participles1
Declining Participles
  • Present active participles (-ns, -ntis) decline like 3rd declension i-stem nouns.
  • M/F Neuter
  • amansamantesamansamantia
  • amantisamantiumamantisamantium
  • amantiamantibusamantiamantibus
  • amantemamantesamansamantia
  • amanteamantibusamantiamantibus
practicing participles
Practicing Participles
  • Form and translate the present active, perfect passive, and future active participles of:
    • voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus: call
    • moneo, monere, monui, monitus: warn
    • dico, dicere, dixi, dictus: speak
    • *facio, facere, feci, factus: make
    • *munio, munire, munivi, munitus: fortify
      • *facio and munio use –iens, -ientis instead of –ns, -ntis for their present active forms